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Lecture 23

HIST 80A Lecture 23: Hideyoshi’s War and its Aftermaths Lecture Notes

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James Heyward

Hideyoshi’s War and its Aftermaths Lecture Tokugawa Iemitsu Was the third Tokugawa shogun. Created the Sakoku (1639 – 1854), or the closed country, policy to remove foreigners, especially Christians via methods of forced removal, executions, and crucifixions. The Kakure Kirishitan were a few thousand Christians who refused to convert to Buddhism. Sakoku Policy (1639 – 1854) Foreigners and Christians were banned from Japan. However, Okinawa remained a main trading point between China and Japan, and the port in Nagasaki remained available to the Dutch (who now controlled Malacca and the Spice Trade). Over time Rangaku emerged in Nagasaki; a group of scholars interested in the West and scientific matters (especially works on anatomy, geography, and astronomy). The silver export to China ended, resulting in massive economic development. Economy After the silver trade ended, the Japanese economy prospered. Osaka emerged as an economically successful city known for its gastronomy (food culture). Over time, the use of kokus of rice with receipts began to bring the market away from barter economics towards a monetary system. Imari Ware was a principal export item; the development of white porcelain with now over – glazed (as opposed to under – glazed) multicolored designs defined ceramics of the era. Imari Ware had some designs specifically made for the Ottomans, who coveted it (they didn’t know how to make it). Higashiyama Period Aesthetic – the Wabi – Sabi Aesthetic; a Daoist – inspired aesthetic that appreciated simple designs with cracks and repairs. Prominent in cups, bowls, and other ceramics. Publishing in Japan and Ukiyo-e During Hideyoshi’s War, Joseon pr
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