Class Notes (838,337)
United States (325,343)
Psychology (127)
PSYC 31A (17)
Lecture 14

PSYC 31A Lecture 14: Psyc 31A: Ch.12: Abraham Maslow-Transpersonal Psychology

7 Pages
Unlock Document

Wright Ellen

Biography and Influences ● Brooklyn –born, Jewish (parents Jewish immigrants from Russia) ● Father was a fighter, a drinker and a womanizer ○ He called him ugly and stupid in public ● Mother was worse – saw her as cruel, ignorant, and hostile ○ She murdered 2 stray cats he brought home and bolted the refrigerator ● Education ○ Started with studying law to please his father ○ Changed to Psych and transferred from Cornell to University of Wisconsin ● Married his childhood sweetheart and had 2 kids ● Dissertation – studied the establishment of dominance in a monkey colony ● Influences ○ BF Skinner – thought his theory was ‘beautiful’ ○ Thorndike – worked with him at Columbia ○ Refugees from Nazi Germany – Adler, Wertheimer, Horney, Fromm, and most importantly Ruth Benedict (American Anthropologist) ● Jobs ○ Columbia ○ Brooklyn College ○ Brandeis ○ Finally – Laughlin Foundation (died the next year) Early work ● Dominance ○ High dominance individuals ■ Unconventional, less religious, extroverted ○ Low dominance individuals ■ Conventional , religious, introverted (also anxious, jealous, neurotic) ○ High dominance females – attracted to high dominance males, who were also very self-confident, aggressive, sure of everything, and superior in most things ○ Low dominance women – attracted to men who were kind, friendly, gentle, faithful, loved kids Next Step ● Dominance → Healthy, exceptional, dominant specimen ● Developed the field of humanistic psychology – the main spokesperson Third-Force Psychology ● 3 forces ○ Psychoanalysis ○ Behaviorism ○ Humanism – the healthy functioning human being ● Reductive-analytic approach to psychology ○ Reduces human beings to a collection of habits or conflicts ○ Overlooks the essence of human nature ○ Desacralizes people – sees them as less marvelous, beautiful and awesome ● Holistic-analytic approach to psychology ○ Study the whole person as a thinking, feeling totality ● Principles (with Rogers) ○ Primary study of psychology –the experiencing person ○ Concern for choice, creativity, and self-realization, rather than mechanistic reductionism ○ Only personally and socially significant problems should be studied ○ Major concern: the dignity and enhancement of people Hierarchy of Needs ● Instinctoid needs – innate ○ The higher the needs the higher up on the evolutionary chain they are (and more preconditions) ○ Lowest needs are the most powerful ○ Developmental progression ○ Can periodically experience need in 1 area and still progress ● Types ○ Physiological needs (most powerful) – survival needs ■ E.g. food, water, sex, sleep ○ Safety needs ■ E.g. shelter, security from vulnerability ○ Belongingness and love needs ■ Desire to know and be known ■ Failure to satisfy this major failing in US - worsened by mobility, breakdown of traditional groupings, scattering of families, generation gap, steady urbanization and disappearance of village face-to-faced-ness, and the resulting shallowness of American friendship ● Esteem needs ○ Met through achievement, recognition, awards, bonuses ○ E.g. felt pleasure ● Self-actualization (least powerful) ○ Met through autonomy and achievement Self-Actualization (Self-realization) ● Ongoing actualization of potentials, capacities and talents ● Fulfillment of the person's mission, call, fate, destiny, or vocation ● A fuller knowledge of, and acceptance of, the person's own intrinsic nature ● An unceasing trend toward unity, integration or synergy within the person Aesthetic Needs ● Needs: order, symmetry, closure, structure, and for completion of the act ○ Seen in some adults ○ Seen in most children ○ Given fullest expression in self-actualizers Motivations ● Being (B) values/motives vs. deficiency (D) motives ○ Qualitatively different – being seen most in self-actualizers ○ Motivation can be either from deficiency or from growth motivation ○ Pushing toward things because we lack them → in need of ● Perception – being or need-directed ● Cognition – being or need directed ○ Peak experiences – moments of intense B-cognition ■ You are heightened (everything is intensed). E.g. something/someone takes your breath away ■ People who are self-actualizers are more likely to have peak experience because they are more aware of themselves, thus their own experience ○ Peak experiences – moments of intense B-cognition ● Values ○ B-values – truth, beauty, justice ○ D-values – absence of needed things (e.g., food, love, esteem) ● Self-actualizers are metamotivated by metaneeds (B-values) ● Love – being or need directed Meta-pathologies Failure to satisfy a meta-need or B-value B-values and Specific Metapathologies B-Values Pathogenic Specific Metapathologies Deprivation 1. Truth Dishonesty Disbelief; mistrust; cynicism; skepticism; suspicion 2. Goodness Evil Utter selfishness; hatred; repulsion; disgust; reliance only on self and for self; nihilism; cynicism 3. Beauty Ugliness Vulgarity; specific unhappiness; restlessness;
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 31A

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.