Class Notes (838,337)
United States (325,343)
Psychology (127)
PSYC 31A (17)
Lecture 14

PSYC 31A Lecture 14: Psyc 31A: Ch.12: Abraham Maslow-Transpersonal Psychology
Premium

7 Pages
77 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 31A
Professor
Wright Ellen
Semester
Spring

Description
Biography and Influences ● Brooklyn –born, Jewish (parents Jewish immigrants from Russia) ● Father was a fighter, a drinker and a womanizer ○ He called him ugly and stupid in public ● Mother was worse – saw her as cruel, ignorant, and hostile ○ She murdered 2 stray cats he brought home and bolted the refrigerator ● Education ○ Started with studying law to please his father ○ Changed to Psych and transferred from Cornell to University of Wisconsin ● Married his childhood sweetheart and had 2 kids ● Dissertation – studied the establishment of dominance in a monkey colony ● Influences ○ BF Skinner – thought his theory was ‘beautiful’ ○ Thorndike – worked with him at Columbia ○ Refugees from Nazi Germany – Adler, Wertheimer, Horney, Fromm, and most importantly Ruth Benedict (American Anthropologist) ● Jobs ○ Columbia ○ Brooklyn College ○ Brandeis ○ Finally – Laughlin Foundation (died the next year) Early work ● Dominance ○ High dominance individuals ■ Unconventional, less religious, extroverted ○ Low dominance individuals ■ Conventional , religious, introverted (also anxious, jealous, neurotic) ○ High dominance females – attracted to high dominance males, who were also very self-confident, aggressive, sure of everything, and superior in most things ○ Low dominance women – attracted to men who were kind, friendly, gentle, faithful, loved kids Next Step ● Dominance → Healthy, exceptional, dominant specimen ● Developed the field of humanistic psychology – the main spokesperson Third-Force Psychology ● 3 forces ○ Psychoanalysis ○ Behaviorism ○ Humanism – the healthy functioning human being ● Reductive-analytic approach to psychology ○ Reduces human beings to a collection of habits or conflicts ○ Overlooks the essence of human nature ○ Desacralizes people – sees them as less marvelous, beautiful and awesome ● Holistic-analytic approach to psychology ○ Study the whole person as a thinking, feeling totality ● Principles (with Rogers) ○ Primary study of psychology –the experiencing person ○ Concern for choice, creativity, and self-realization, rather than mechanistic reductionism ○ Only personally and socially significant problems should be studied ○ Major concern: the dignity and enhancement of people Hierarchy of Needs ● Instinctoid needs – innate ○ The higher the needs the higher up on the evolutionary chain they are (and more preconditions) ○ Lowest needs are the most powerful ○ Developmental progression ○ Can periodically experience need in 1 area and still progress ● Types ○ Physiological needs (most powerful) – survival needs ■ E.g. food, water, sex, sleep ○ Safety needs ■ E.g. shelter, security from vulnerability ○ Belongingness and love needs ■ Desire to know and be known ■ Failure to satisfy this major failing in US - worsened by mobility, breakdown of traditional groupings, scattering of families, generation gap, steady urbanization and disappearance of village face-to-faced-ness, and the resulting shallowness of American friendship ● Esteem needs ○ Met through achievement, recognition, awards, bonuses ○ E.g. felt pleasure ● Self-actualization (least powerful) ○ Met through autonomy and achievement Self-Actualization (Self-realization) ● Ongoing actualization of potentials, capacities and talents ● Fulfillment of the person's mission, call, fate, destiny, or vocation ● A fuller knowledge of, and acceptance of, the person's own intrinsic nature ● An unceasing trend toward unity, integration or synergy within the person Aesthetic Needs ● Needs: order, symmetry, closure, structure, and for completion of the act ○ Seen in some adults ○ Seen in most children ○ Given fullest expression in self-actualizers Motivations ● Being (B) values/motives vs. deficiency (D) motives ○ Qualitatively different – being seen most in self-actualizers ○ Motivation can be either from deficiency or from growth motivation ○ Pushing toward things because we lack them → in need of ● Perception – being or need-directed ● Cognition – being or need directed ○ Peak experiences – moments of intense B-cognition ■ You are heightened (everything is intensed). E.g. something/someone takes your breath away ■ People who are self-actualizers are more likely to have peak experience because they are more aware of themselves, thus their own experience ○ Peak experiences – moments of intense B-cognition ● Values ○ B-values – truth, beauty, justice ○ D-values – absence of needed things (e.g., food, love, esteem) ● Self-actualizers are metamotivated by metaneeds (B-values) ● Love – being or need directed Meta-pathologies Failure to satisfy a meta-need or B-value B-values and Specific Metapathologies B-Values Pathogenic Specific Metapathologies Deprivation 1. Truth Dishonesty Disbelief; mistrust; cynicism; skepticism; suspicion 2. Goodness Evil Utter selfishness; hatred; repulsion; disgust; reliance only on self and for self; nihilism; cynicism 3. Beauty Ugliness Vulgarity; specific unhappiness; restlessness;
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 31A

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit