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Lecture 19

ANTH 100 Lecture 19: Power and Inequality: Political Organization

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ANTH 100

Power and Inequality: Political Organization April 18, 2017 1. Power  The ability to exercise one’s will over others  Sources of power: o Control of resources that people need o Use of force 2. Authority  The socially approved use of power  Sources of authority: o Personal achieved or ascribed status o Moral reputation (honor, respect) 3. Influence  Social or moral pressure on individuals and groups  Unlike authority, it can be exercised from a marginal or low-status position Political Organization  The existence of groups or institutions in a society for the purpose of… o Public decision-making o Exercising leadership o Using power and authority o Maintaining order o Protecting group rights o Defending the group from external threats Egalitarian societies -no individual or group has more power, resources Rank societies -differences among individuals and groups in prestige Stratified societies -formal and permanent social and economic inequalities -different access to power, wealth, prestige NO LONGER PURE FORMS Band Tribe Big Man/Woman Chiefdom State: systems superimposed over them Band  Foraging groups  Between 20 and a few hundred people  Leader is “first among equals” (consensus)  Leader has no coercive power Tribe  Made of several bands  Leader resolves conflict  Leader relies on influence and authority, someti
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