HIST 221 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: East India Company, Appalachian Mountains, Puritans

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27 Sep 2016
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American Revolution
Causes
Taxation
Slavery
Desire for Independence
-Decade of Protest (1765-1775)
Grievance was building up
Colonists started to protest parliament
The empire wanted a closed economic system (mercantilism) within the colonies
Navigation Acts
A series of laws designed to regulate trade
Certain products could not be sent to any other country. England was the main market
Trade had to be carried on British ships with an English crew
Colonists broke these laws, but did not disagree with parliaments’ right to pass them
What they did disagree with, were laws that raised revenue. They protested against these
Salutary Neglect
British Parliament avoided strict enforcement of laws so colonists would remain loyal
Their style of conquering was settlement
Colonial Wars
All began in Europe and eventually spread to the colonists
French & Indian War *Key turning point in American Revolution*
The French controlled many waterways
British wanted this land, provoked war
They also relied heavily on their Native American allies
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Colonists/British feared Native American attacks
Britain sent over their military (redcoats) to fight
They were a professional, well trained army but drank, swore heavily, and enjoyed prostitutes
This embarrassed the puritan colonists and they started to lose their respect for the British and
their army
Plan of Union
Colonists were going to help the French fight the British
This plan failed
The British won the war & obtained many colonies
The US then teamed up with France, Spain, and the Netherlands to fight the British
British gave the US land back (West of the Appalachians)
Colonial Government
Governor – Salary paid by Colonial legislature
Deputies- Advisors to Governor
Assembly- Elected by Colonists. 1 House
British Laws
Stamp Act 1765: Tax on Paper. You had to pay taxes on documents and obtain a stamp. If you
did not have a stamp, it was not a legal document. Americans didn’t like this because it was to
raise revenue. British eventually repealed the stamp act.
Tea Act 1773: The East India Trading Company had a surplus of tea that the British sold cheap
to the colonists in excess. There was a colonist uproar because they didn’t like the idea of having
this tea forced upon them.
Continental Congress- Encouraged colonists to start gathering weapons & declaring their rights
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