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Lecture 14

HIST 1220 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Socalled, Clothing Industry

Course Code
HIST 1220

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HIST1220Course Notes
pick up from previous class: Wednesday October 5th 2016
No class Friday October 7th due to professor request
No class Monday October 10th due to Columbus Day
The whole. Thing of the mistrust between Russia and it would in turn become the major part of
the “oiet Uio ad the Uited “tates. It lead to the first Red “are that took plae here i
the U.S that being, the fear of communism working its way into American society/politics.
Communism was an ideology that was designed to spread through the establishment through
the communist international which was designed to bring it elsewhere. Now, fears of
communism feeling it's way into the U.S was lead in 1919 by the establishment of the FBI, by J.
Edgar Hoover. During 1919-1920 approximately 12,000 Americans were arrested and at least
briefly jailed as they were accused of being Communist agent most of them served briefly and
then released. 1919 was a year full of many labor strikes as the post World War I economy went
into a brief recession, so many of those labor strikes were laced with violence. With the red
scare on-going the fear that communists were behind the labor agitation. In addition, 1919
there were 24 major race riots. The deadliest of which took place in Chicago where 34 people
were killed, there was actually a connection to the riots and the protests. Often times when
workers went on strike, factory owners and others would take to hiring non-unionized strike
breakers. Often times hiring African Americans as strike breakers until a new agreement could
be hammered out, ending the strike. This escalated racial tensions as a result.
Moving into the decade of the 1920s: it was a period notably where the republicans dominated.
And politically from the late 1890s into the early 1930s, an era where the Republican Party was
the more powerful of the two (democratic and republican) and the zenith of that took place in
the 1920s due to the election of three successive republicans into the presidency and the
republicans also controlling both houses of the government and most state governments. The
1920s was an era of economic growth as well, and many scholars consider the 1920s to be the
beginnings of so-alled Moder Aeria.
The first of the repulia leaders as Warre G. Hardig fro Ohio. No, durig Hardig’s
time as president a lot of corruption within his administration, although Harding was a pretty
honest guy himself, he made the mistake of surrounding himself with too many not so honest
people. Several of them were political cronies from Ohio that he brought with him to the White
House hat as ko to Aerias as the Ohio Gag. When Harding was first sworn into
office in 1921, the economy had not quite recovered from the post WWI recession. So in an
effort to stimulate the economy his secretary of the treasury Andrew Melon proposed a
significant tax cut for the wealthy. With a belief that the benefits would extend down to
working Americans, good paying jobs, affordable commodities etc.
Harding died rather suddenly and the presidency was taken over by Calvin Coolidge. At the time
of Hardig’s death Coolidge as o aatio i fat, ad es arried i the iddle of the ight
and none other than Coolidge’s father swore him into office as his father was a judge.
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