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Reference Guide

Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

2 Pages
250 Views
Fall 2015

Department
ANAT - Anatomy
Course Code
ANAT 14
Professor
All
Chapter
Permachart

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TM
permacharts
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
ADP
ATP
ADP
Glucose
(one molecule)
Glucose
6-phosphate
Fructose
6-phosphate
Fructose 1,6-
bisphosphate
Dihydroxyacetone
phosphate
1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate
(two molecules)
3-Phosphoglycerate
(two molecules)
2-Phosphoglycerate
(two molecules)
Phosphoenolpyruvate
(two molecules)
Pyruvate
(two molecules)
Glyceraldehyde
3-phosphate (PGAL)
CH2OH
H
H
4
5
1
23
H
HO
H
OH
OH
O
OHH
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
O
CH2OPO3H2
H
HOH
H
CH2OH
OH
OH
CH2OPO3H2
H
H
H
HO
H
OH
OH
O
OH H
O
CH2OPO3H2
H
HOH
H
CH2OPO3H2
OH
OH
NAD+
ATP
ADP
+P
× 2
+ H+
+ H+
NADH
ATP
ADP
CO
CH2OPO3H2
CH2OH
HCOH
CH2OPO3H2
HC O
C
O
CH2OPO3H2
HCOH
OPO3H2
COOH
CH2OPO3H2
HCOH
COOH
CH2OH
HCOPO3H2
COOH
CH2
OPO3H2
× 2
× 2
ATP
× 2
C
COO–
CH3
OC
H2O
FAD
FADH2
Pyruvate
Acetyl
coenzyme A
Co A
Co A
Co A
Citrate
Isocitrate
Succinyl CoA
Succinate
Fumarate
Malate
Oxaloacetate
cis-
Aconitate
P
NAD+
NADH
NAD+
NADH
NAD+
NADH
NAD+
NADH
GDP
+
GTP
COO–
CH3
OC
S
CH3
O
CoA
C
CH2COOH
CH2COOH
COOHHOC
HC
CH2COOH
COOHC
COOH
CH2
COOH
HCOH
COOH
CH2
COOH
CO
COOH
HOC
H
CH2COOH
COOHHC
COOH
C
CH2COOH
HCH
COOH
O
CH2COOH
CH2COOH
COOHH
C
C
COOH H
CO2
CO2
CO2
Coenzyme A (CoA)
+
C
CH2COOH
CH2
OSCoA
H2O
-Ketoglutarate
Overview of Cellular Respiration
Glucose
Pyruvate
(×2) Pyruvate
(×2)
Acetyl
Coenzyme A (×2)
Krebs
Cycle
Electron
Transport
Chain
+
H+
Glycolysis
ADP P
NADH
NADH
ATP
FADH2
NADH
Mitochondrion Extracellular fluid Cell membrane Cytosol Outer mitochondrial membrane
Intermembrane space Inner mitochondrial membrane Mitochondrial matrix ATP synthetase
A
B
C
E
D
F
G
H
I
The Krebs Cycle
• Also known as the Tricarboxylic
Acid or Citric Acid cycle
• Consists of a series of oxidation-
reduction reactions that take place
in the matrix of the mitochondria
• Chemical potential energy
stored in the intermediate
substances derived from pyruvate
is released step by step
Enzymes:
Citrate synthetase
Aconitase
Aconitase
Isocitrate
dehydrogenase
a-Ketoglutarate
dehydrogenase
Succinyl kinase
Succinate
dehydrogenase
Fumarase
Malate
dehydrogenase
Pyruvate kinase
Glyceraldehyde
3-phosphate
dehydrogenase
Hexokinase
Phosphoglucose
isomerase
Phosphofructokinase
Aldolase
Triose
phosphate
isomerase
3-Phosphoglycerokinase
Phosphoglyceromutase
Enolase
Note: to are enzymes
2nd EDITION
© 1999-2012 Mindsource Technologies Inc.
www.permacharts.com

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Description
The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful charts and diagrams
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