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Lecture 2

BIO 70B Lecture 2: ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY Live memory


Department
BIO - Biology
Course Code
BIO 70B
Professor
Mike Bares
Lecture
2

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ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY Live memory
Long-term look and short- and long-term goal
Given the context and diagnosis made during the Bureau sessions, we believe that two time horizons
should be taken into consideration: a long-term look and short-term objectives.
As a long-term look, the focus should be placed on the ecosystem services provided by the mountain,
hoping that mining will contribute to ensuring the environmental sustainability of the territories where
the projects are located, and positively influence the achievement of the Sustainable Development
Goals (SDGs).
On the other hand, and considering the long-term view, the participants agreed that the short-term
objective is to develop an alliance between actors that allows to generate, validate and disseminate
relevant information to understand, first of all, the dynamics and processes associated with ecosystem
services in the mountain range, and then understand the relationship and potential impacts or
opportunities that are generated on these services with the potential future development of mining in
the Central Zone.
The following are the development of content worked in the sessions of the Bureau in relation to t he
long-term view, and then introduce the short-term objective and the mechanism proposed by the
participants.
III. LONG-TERM LOOK: ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY AND WATER RESOURCES
In the development of the dialogue, participants consider it necessary to identify those ecosystem
services, natural resources and other elements that help achieve water security and their relationship in
terms of the development of the mining potential of the Area centrico. To do this we identify your needs
and opportunities, which are presented below:
1) Water safety challenges
We understand the need to consider Water Safety in relation to three relevant dimensions when
considering water resources: water availability, water quality and risk management.
a) Water availability
In terms of water availability, we understand that an important part of the discussion is associated with
the role of glaciers as a source of water for the basins involved, bearing in mind that the main
contribution in volume of water on an annual scale comes from melting during the summer season.
In this sense, the participants relegate the social and aesthetic value of the glaciers, while highlighting
the need to clarify the role that glaciers play in providing water for the basins of the Aconcagua,
Mapocho and Maipo rivers, in relation to others Sources. Thus, their water contribution is recognized at
certain times of the year, but the need for complete information regarding the contribution they
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