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Reference Guide

Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

2 pages201 viewsFall 2015

Department
ANAT - Anatomy
Course Code
ANAT 14
Professor
All
Chapter
Permachart

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TM
permacharts
Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration
ADP
ATP
ADP
Glucose
(one molecule)
Glucose
6-phosphate
Fructose
6-phosphate
Fructose 1,6-
bisphosphate
Dihydroxyacetone
phosphate
1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate
(two molecules)
3-Phosphoglycerate
(two molecules)
2-Phosphoglycerate
(two molecules)
Phosphoenolpyruvate
(two molecules)
Pyruvate
(two molecules)
Glyceraldehyde
3-phosphate (PGAL)
CH2OH
H
H
4
5
1
23
H
HO
H
OH
OH
O
OHH
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
O
CH2OPO3H2
H
HOH
H
CH2OH
OH
OH
CH2OPO3H2
H
H
H
HO
H
OH
OH
O
OH H
O
CH2OPO3H2
H
HOH
H
CH2OPO3H2
OH
OH
NAD+
ATP
ADP
+P
× 2
+ H+
+ H+
NADH
ATP
ADP
CO
CH2OPO3H2
CH2OH
HCOH
CH2OPO3H2
HC O
C
O
CH2OPO3H2
HCOH
OPO3H2
COOH
CH2OPO3H2
HCOH
COOH
CH2OH
HCOPO3H2
COOH
CH2
OPO3H2
× 2
× 2
ATP
× 2
C
COO–
CH3
OC
H2O
FAD
FADH2
Pyruvate
Acetyl
coenzyme A
Co A
Co A
Co A
Citrate
Isocitrate
Succinyl CoA
Succinate
Fumarate
Malate
Oxaloacetate
cis-
Aconitate
P
NAD+
NADH
NAD+
NADH
NAD+
NADH
NAD+
NADH
GDP
+
GTP
COO–
CH3
OC
S
CH3
O
CoA
C
CH2COOH
CH2COOH
COOHHOC
HC
CH2COOH
COOHC
COOH
CH2
COOH
HCOH
COOH
CH2
COOH
CO
COOH
HOC
H
CH2COOH
COOHHC
COOH
C
CH2COOH
HCH
COOH
O
CH2COOH
CH2COOH
COOHH
C
C
COOH H
CO2
CO2
CO2
Coenzyme A (CoA)
+
C
CH2COOH
CH2
OSCoA
H2O
-Ketoglutarate
Overview of Cellular Respiration
Glucose
Pyruvate
(×2) Pyruvate
(×2)
Acetyl
Coenzyme A (×2)
Krebs
Cycle
Electron
Transport
Chain
+
H+
Glycolysis
ADP P
NADH
NADH
ATP
FADH2
NADH
Mitochondrion Extracellular fluid Cell membrane Cytosol Outer mitochondrial membrane
Intermembrane space Inner mitochondrial membrane Mitochondrial matrix ATP synthetase
A
B
C
E
D
F
G
H
I
The Krebs Cycle
• Also known as the Tricarboxylic
Acid or Citric Acid cycle
• Consists of a series of oxidation-
reduction reactions that take place
in the matrix of the mitochondria
• Chemical potential energy
stored in the intermediate
substances derived from pyruvate
is released step by step
Enzymes:
Citrate synthetase
Aconitase
Aconitase
Isocitrate
dehydrogenase
a-Ketoglutarate
dehydrogenase
Succinyl kinase
Succinate
dehydrogenase
Fumarase
Malate
dehydrogenase
Pyruvate kinase
Glyceraldehyde
3-phosphate
dehydrogenase
Hexokinase
Phosphoglucose
isomerase
Phosphofructokinase
Aldolase
Triose
phosphate
isomerase
3-Phosphoglycerokinase
Phosphoglyceromutase
Enolase
Note: to are enzymes
2nd EDITION
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