ANTH 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Hypergamy, Nacirema, Cultural Relativism

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9/14/2016
Horace Miner and the “Nacirema”
○ Nacirema-->American
Sociocultural anthropologist
Ritual: unconscious, repeated set of actions
Corinne Kratz
Female circumcision/genital modification
Pluralism and dilemmas of cultural relativism
9/19/2016
Willigen and China
Dowry and death in India
Law, custom, and crimes against women
Gov. tried to pass laws but are focused on bigger problems
Proposed that dowry violence caused by economic value of women
Anthropologists need to increase awareness and women need more
economic access
Hypergamy: action of marrying a person of a superior caste or class
Lila Abu-Lughod
“Do Muslim women really need saving?”
RAWA: Revolutionary Association of Women in Afghanistan
What do Muslim women want?
Pem Buck 10 In/equality: An Alternative Anthropology
Chapter 1: A New Pair of Glasses
Intellectual tradition 1980s
Decolonized, activist and/or engaged anthropology
Incorporates views and knowledge of those experiencing
exploitation
Critical look at anthropology’s past
New assumptions
Anthropologists not impartial; all humans have
perspective
Investigate the historical power relations between
our own society and modern global exploitation
We-them dichotomy has led to the “other” as
different and less human and whose exploitation is
disconnected to our benefit and neglects
exploitation in our own society
Focus on inequality as the organizing principle. How human
societies are organized to produce inequality
Understanding social inequality (race, class, and gender) is
critical to understand how exploitation and oppression are
possible
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Document Summary

Gov. tried to pass laws but are focused on bigger problems. Proposed that dowry violence caused by economic value of women. Anthropologists need to increase awareness and women need more economic access. Hypergamy: action of marrying a person of a superior caste or class. Rawa: revolutionary association of women in afghanistan. Chapter 1: a new pair of glasses. Incorporates views and knowledge of those experiencing exploitation. Anthropologists not impartial; all humans have perspective. Investigate the historical power relations between our own society and modern global exploitation. We-them dichotomy has led to the other as different and less human and whose exploitation is disconnected to our benefit and neglects exploitation in our own society. Focus on inequality as the organizing principle. How human societies are organized to produce inequality. Understanding social inequality (race, class, and gender) is critical to understand how exploitation and oppression are possible.

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