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Lecture 6

ANTH 140 Lecture 6: ANTH 140 Lectures 6 & 7

2 Pages

Course Code
ANTH 140
Warren R.Perry

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9/21/2016 ● West Africa: Senegambia ○ Origin of most captive Africans in English New York ○ African Burial Ground Archaeology Site: immediately north of City Hall Park ● Topics of Concern to Descendant community ○ Geographic and cultural origins ○ Quality of lives under captivity ○ Ways of resisting enslavement ○ Formation of new identities and communities ● Temporal Groups ○ Early groups prior to 1730s ■ Four sided tapered coffins ■ No refuse from pottery kilns in grave fil ○ Middle and late group 1730 to 1776 ■ Lack of evidence of earlier or later placement ■ Stratigraphic relationships, especially late middle ○ Late group 1776 and later ■ Placement of north of northern boundary ● Aspects of burial practices ○ Coffin use, grave orientation, body position, individual vs. co-interment (mainly women and infants), burial attire , adornment and other goods, grave markers (white stones) ○ Clustered burials, groups of women buried in southeast corner ○ Some were buried with sacks that carried their spirits ● Burial stats ○ Extended supine position 100% ○ Head to west 98% ○ Individual burial 94% ○ Coffin use 92% ○ Copper alloy straight pins in all children burials ○ Buttons and cufflinks, personal adornment rare ● Future research questions ○ Connections among proximal burials ■ Genetic analysis for kinships and possible cultural ties ○ Rural to urban migration, Revolutionary era ○ Burial practices in the 19th century, black churches ■ Churches replaced ABG as institution 9/26/16 ● Injuries found in African burial ground ○ Enthesopathy: tendons and ligaments being pulled off the bone ○ Fractured first cervical vertebra, caused by axial loading: carrying things on their
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