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Lecture 6

ANTH 140 Lecture 6: ANTH 140 Lectures 6 & 7
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by OneClass1075727 , Fall 2016
2 Pages
72 Views
Fall 2016

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 140
Professor
Warren R.Perry
Lecture
6

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9/21/2016
West Africa: Senegambia
Origin of most captive Africans in English New York
African Burial Ground Archaeology Site: immediately north of City Hall Park
Topics of Concern to Descendant community
Geographic and cultural origins
Quality of lives under captivity
Ways of resisting enslavement
Formation of new identities and communities
Temporal Groups
Early groups prior to 1730s
Four sided tapered coffins
No refuse from pottery kilns in grave fil
Middle and late group 1730 to 1776
Lack of evidence of earlier or later placement
Stratigraphic relationships, especially late middle
Late group 1776 and later
Placement of north of northern boundary
Aspects of burial practices
Coffin use, grave orientation, body position, individual vs. co-interment (mainly
women and infants), burial attire
, adornment and other goods, grave markers (white stones)
Clustered burials, groups of women buried in southeast corner
Some were buried with sacks that carried their spirits
Burial stats
Extended supine position 100%
Head to west 98%
Individual burial 94%
Coffin use 92%
Copper alloy straight pins in all children burials
Buttons and cufflinks, personal adornment rare
Future research questions
Connections among proximal burials
Genetic analysis for kinships and possible cultural ties
Rural to urban migration, Revolutionary era
Burial practices in the 19th century, black churches
Churches replaced ABG as institution
9/26/16
Injuries found in African burial ground
Enthesopathy: tendons and ligaments being pulled off the bone
Fractured first cervical vertebra, caused by axial loading: carrying things on their
heads
Archaeology in CT: Revealing the African Diaspora
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Description
9/21/2016 ● West Africa: Senegambia ○ Origin of most captive Africans in English New York ○ African Burial Ground Archaeology Site: immediately north of City Hall Park ● Topics of Concern to Descendant community ○ Geographic and cultural origins ○ Quality of lives under captivity ○ Ways of resisting enslavement ○ Formation of new identities and communities ● Temporal Groups ○ Early groups prior to 1730s ■ Four sided tapered coffins ■ No refuse from pottery kilns in grave fil ○ Middle and late group 1730 to 1776 ■ Lack of evidence of earlier or later placement ■ Stratigraphic relationships, especially late middle ○ Late group 1776 and later ■ Placement of north of northern boundary ● Aspects of burial practices ○ Coffin use, grave orientation, body position, individual vs. co-interment (mainly women and infants), burial attire , adornment and other goods, grave markers (white stones) ○ Clustered burials, groups of women buried in southeast corner ○ Some were buried with sacks that carried their spirits ● Burial stats ○ Extended supine position 100% ○ Head to west 98% ○ Individual burial 94% ○ Coffin use 92% ○ Copper alloy straight pins in all children burials ○ Buttons and cufflinks, personal adornment rare ● Future research questions ○ Connections among proximal burials ■ Genetic analysis for kinships and possible cultural ties ○ Rural to urban migration, Revolutionary era ○ Burial practices in the 19th century, black churches ■ Churches replaced ABG as institution 9/26/16 ● Injuries found in African burial ground ○ Enthesopathy: tendons and ligaments being pulled off the bone ○ Fractured first cervical vertebra, caused by axial loading: carrying things on their
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