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Lecture 10

ANTH 140 Lecture 10: Primatology

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Course Code
ANTH 140
Warren R.Perry

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find more resources at ● Park ○ Ethology and primatology ○ Study primates because we are very closely related to them (bonobos (mostly) and chimpanzees) ○ Characteristics of primates (as defined by Linnaeus) ■ Brain, vision, color patterns on faces, dentition (u-shaped, parabolic), hands and feet, limbs, reproduction, usually single birth, long-term infant dependency ■ Culture and social interaction (recognizing each other) is an advantage of long-term infant dependency ■ Grooming proximity ■ Earliest primates found in paleocene epoch (66-56mil ya) ■ Forward-facing eyes, binocular vision, depth perception ■ Five digits on hands and feet ■ Forelimbs are *usually* longer than hind limbs ○ The common chimpanzee is called pan troglodytes ○ Bonobo is pan paniscus ○ Primatologists discover that male dominance in these species did not exist ● Goodall ○ chimpanzees ● Fosse ○ Gorillas ● Thompson-Handler ○ Bonobos ● Small ○ Bonobos (slightly smaller and thinner than chimps) ○ Frequent intercourse (face to face), forward-facing female genitalia ○ Virtually extinct because they were killed by humans, except for south of the Congo ○ Bonobos use sex to form alliances and relieve tensions ● Schultz and Lavenda ○ Women’s Art in the Upper Paleolithic? ○ Stone age venus figurines had large breasts and stomachs, short legs the tapered into small feet ○ Strange proportions of figurines explained by being modeled after pregnant women looking down at their own bodies ○ Possibly used to track pregnancies ○ Could have been used to decrease mortality rate ● Pringle ○ New Women of the Ice Age ○ Black Venus figurine used for rituals ○ Net hunting, communal
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