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Lecture 10

ANTH 140 Lecture Notes - Estrous Cycle, Bonobo, Venus Figurines
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2 Pages
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Fall 2016

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 140
Professor
Warren R.Perry
Lecture
10

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Park
Ethology and primatology
Study primates because we are very closely related to them (bonobos (mostly)
and chimpanzees)
Characteristics of primates (as defined by Linnaeus)
Brain, vision, color patterns on faces, dentition (u-shaped, parabolic),
hands and feet, limbs, reproduction, usually single birth, long-term infant
dependency
Culture and social interaction (recognizing each other) is an advantage of
long-term infant dependency
Grooming proximity
Earliest primates found in paleocene epoch (66-56mil ya)
Forward-facing eyes, binocular vision, depth perception
Five digits on hands and feet
Forelimbs are *usually* longer than hind limbs
The common chimpanzee is called pan troglodytes
Bonobo is pan paniscus
Primatologists discover that male dominance in these species did not exist
Goodall
chimpanzees
Fosse
Gorillas
Thompson-Handler
Bonobos
Small
Bonobos (slightly smaller and thinner than chimps)
Frequent intercourse (face to face), forward-facing female genitalia
Virtually extinct because they were killed by humans, except for south of the
Congo
Bonobos use sex to form alliances and relieve tensions
Schultz and Lavenda
Women’s Art in the Upper Paleolithic?
Stone age venus figurines had large breasts and stomachs, short legs the
tapered into small feet
Strange proportions of figurines explained by being modeled after pregnant
women looking down at their own bodies
Possibly used to track pregnancies
Could have been used to decrease mortality rate
Pringle
New Women of the Ice Age
Black Venus figurine used for rituals
Net hunting, communal activity, men, women and children
Men did not do as much dangerous hunting as we originally thought
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Description
find more resources at oneclass.com ● Park ○ Ethology and primatology ○ Study primates because we are very closely related to them (bonobos (mostly) and chimpanzees) ○ Characteristics of primates (as defined by Linnaeus) ■ Brain, vision, color patterns on faces, dentition (u-shaped, parabolic), hands and feet, limbs, reproduction, usually single birth, long-term infant dependency ■ Culture and social interaction (recognizing each other) is an advantage of long-term infant dependency ■ Grooming proximity ■ Earliest primates found in paleocene epoch (66-56mil ya) ■ Forward-facing eyes, binocular vision, depth perception ■ Five digits on hands and feet ■ Forelimbs are *usually* longer than hind limbs ○ The common chimpanzee is called pan troglodytes ○ Bonobo is pan paniscus ○ Primatologists discover that male dominance in these species did not exist ● Goodall ○ chimpanzees ● Fosse ○ Gorillas ● Thompson-Handler ○ Bonobos ● Small ○ Bonobos (slightly smaller and thinner than chimps) ○ Frequent intercourse (face to face), forward-facing female genitalia ○ Virtually extinct because they were killed by humans, except for south of the Congo ○ Bonobos use sex to form alliances and relieve tensions ● Schultz and Lavenda ○ Women’s Art in the Upper Paleolithic? ○ Stone age venus figurines had large breasts and stomachs, short legs the tapered into small feet ○ Strange proportions of figurines explained by being modeled after pregnant women looking down at their own bodies ○ Possibly used to track pregnancies ○ Could have been used to decrease mortality rate ● Pringle ○ New Women of the Ice Age ○ Black Venus figurine used for rituals ○ Net hunting, communal
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