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Lecture 12

ANTH 140 Lecture Notes - Chiropractic, San People, Kinship
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2 Pages
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Fall 2016

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 140
Professor
Warren R.Perry
Lecture
12

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Lee
Eating Christmas in the Kalahari
Bought a large ox for !Kung San Bushmen for Christmas
They jokingly called it small and said it wouldn’t feed everyone for Christmas and
they would go to bed hungry
Lee thought they were being serious and thought they were being ungrateful and
looked for another ox
Finally, someone told him they only joke like that so no one gets too arrogant
Buck
Chapter 3
Principles underlying Equality: the Communal Mode of Production
Communal mode production
Def.: all members of a specific group jointly control resources, to which all
have rights
Mode of Production: social and physical organizations that is associated
with producing food and other necessities in a particular society
Forces of productions
Social relations of productions
Egalitarian kin-based societies
Colonial categories: bands, tribes, and chiefdoms (given eurocentrically)
(Perry believes these are more gradient)
Characteristics
Egalitarian social relations based on kinship, friendship
(fictive/non-biological kinship), and descent (bilateral: matrilineal
and patrilineal)
Lineages: have a common ancestor (knowing ancestor)
Clans: made of up different lineages (not knowing
ancestor)
Corporate descent group: distribute land
Varied subsistence, strategies: foraging, farming, & pastoralism
(herding animals)
Relatively small population size (avg. 500-5000 people)
Generalized reciprocity
No social division of labor based on differential access to mode of
production or status positions (classless)
Leveling devices: shaming
Those who give away the most are held in the highest
regard
Technical division of labor based upon age & sex
Collective use-rights and access to the means of production,
power & prestige
Cooperation & sharing valued as prestigious
Diamond
Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race
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find more resources at oneclass.com ● Lee ○ Eating Christmas in the Kalahari ○ Bought a large ox for !Kung San Bushmen for Christmas ○ They jokingly called it small and said it wouldn’t feed everyone for Christmas and they would go to bed hungry ○ Lee thought they were being serious and thought they were being ungrateful and looked for another ox ○ Finally, someone told him they only joke like that so no one gets too arrogant ● Buck ● Chapter 3 ○ Principles underlying Equality: the Communal Mode of Production ○ Communal mode production ■ Def.: all members of a specific group jointly control resources, to which all have rights ■ Mode of Production: social and physical organizations that is associated with producing food and other necessities in a particular society ● Forces of productions ● Social relations of productions ■ Egalitarian kin-based societies ■ Colonial categories: bands, tribes, and chiefdoms (given eurocentrically) (Perry believes these are more gradient) ■ Characteristics ● Egalitarian social relations based on kinship, friendship (fictive/non-biological kinship), and descent (bilateral: matrilineal and patrilineal) ○ Lineages: have a common ancestor (knowing ancestor) ○ Clans: made of up different lineages (not knowing ancestor) ○ Corporate descent group: distribute land ● Varied subsistence, strategies: foraging, farming, & pastoralism (herding animals) ● Relatively small population size (avg. 500-5000 people) ●
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