ANTH 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Kinesics, Ethnography, Proxemics

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8/31/2016:ANTH140IntrotoAnthropology
● Anthropology:thestudyofhumansatalltimesandallplaces
● Assumptions
○ bioculturalbeings
○ assignmeaningtothingsandpeople
○ creativeintelligenceexpressedintoolproductionandsocioculturaltraditions
■ makingstonetoolswasacomplexprocess
○ behaviorallyuniquetransformmaterial&socialworldsculturallyviapractical
laboractivity
■ Holistic:originalinterdisciplinarydisciplinethatprovidesaperspectiveon
thehumanconditionthatcombinesinsightsfromthenatural,socialand
humanitysciencestoexplainsimilaritiesanddifferences
■ Comparative:studiesglobalsimilarities&differencesatalltimes&places
■ Evolutionary:biological&socioculturaltemporaltransformations
■ Fieldexperience
● Participantobservation:locallyfieldresearchconsistsofdialectical
dialogueandpracticalactivity(localfielddataareintersubjective),
livingandinteractingwithsubjects:decolonizinganthropology
● Culturalinterpretersnotinformants,onthesubjectsandculturefor
questions
● Reflexiveapproach(positionality):socialposition/status,recognize
thedifferenceinpower
● Ethics:askingforpermissiontoaskquestionsandobserve
● The5SubfieldsofAnthropology
○ Biological/physical
■ Humanbiologyandgenetics
■ Primatology:studyingotherprimateslikegorillas,chimpanzeesand
bonobos
■ Humanpaleoanthropology:humanevolution
■ Forensics:workingincrimelabs,burialgroundsandareasaroundthe
worldwherethere’sbeengenocide
○ Socioculturalanthropology:concernedwiththedescription&analysis
(ethnography)ofpeople’slives&traditions
■ Culture&society:assigningvaluestoactionscreatingbeliefs
■ Seekingtoexplainsocioculturalsimilarities&differences
○ Anthropologicallinguistics
■ Verbalandnonverbalcommunication(bothhumanandnonhuman
primates)
● Humanspokenlanguage
● Nonverbalcommunication
○ Kinesics:bodylanguageandfacialexpressions
○ Proxemics:useofspace
○ Haptics:touchingbehavior
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