ENG 571 Lecture 9: Ch 9- Fluency Oriented 2nd Lang Teaching

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5 Dec 2019
School
Department
Course
Professor
Fluency
Fluency uses lang structures accurately while
concentrating on meaning, not form
Use correct patterns automatically at normal convo
speed
Accuracy is major part of fluency
4 features:
1. Pauses long, not frequent
2. Pauses usually filled
3. Pauses happen at meaningful transition pts
4. Long runs of syllables & words bt pauses
Speaking competence
4 skill areas required for good communication:
1. Phonological skills: blend phonemes; use
appropriate stress & intonation
2. Speech function skills: achieve specific
communication functions in
social/transactional exchanges (agreeing,
asking q’s, offering reason)
3. Interactional skills: face-to-face exchanges,
regulate turn-taking, redirecting topic,
negotiate meaning, initiate, maintain, & close
convo
4. Extend discourse skills: produce long
stretches of uninterrupted lang, structure what
they say, easy to follow, requires conventions,
narratives, procedural, expository, & descriptive
discourse
Convo management strategies
Speech conditions
Conditions play major role in fluency
3 categories: cognitive, affective, & performance
Cognitive:
Familiarty w/ topic: more familiar something is,
easier to talk ab
Familiarity w/ genre: genres are lang events
Familiarity w/ interlocutors: more familiar w/
people talking to, easier the convo
Processing demands: certain speaking
activities involve complex mental processing
Affective:
Feelings toward topic/participants: positive
feeling toward topic/people, easier to speak
Self-consciousness: lack confidence,
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