ENG 571 Lecture 5: Ch 05 - English in the World (1)

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5 Dec 2019
School
Department
Course
Professor
English in the World
Fill out the chart based on the information found in Chapter 5.
World Englishes
English as a Lingua Franca
What is it?
Definition: Different forms of
English coming from Lingua
Franca countries on the
European continent
Ex: Filipino English, Nigerian
English, etc.
ESL (English as second lang)
& EFL (English as foreign
lang)
Described in terms of
grammar, lexicon, &
phonology
Definition: language used
among speakers lacking a
common L1 (native lang)
Where is it spoken?
All over the world
Ex:
India
West Africa
Philippines
Singapore
Anywhere that lacks a
common native language
among the people
What are some
distinguishing
characteristics?
users can be native speakers
Concentric circles for English:
1. Inner: Eng is L1 for
majority (EX- U.S.)
2. Outer: Eng been
used for long time,
while local L2 varieties
have formed from
extensive use (EX-
India)
3. Expanding: Eng is
dominant L2 used in
limited domains, but
beginning to become
lingua franca
Problem: often not fully
intelligible to users of other
English varieties
Scale:
One end: goal of
national identity; use
regional variety of
English
ELF
using L1 norms is
questionable
lang variation=
pervasive in diff uses
urgent need to
examine linguistic
implications of global-
spread English
description of ELF is
needed
grammar tendencies:
drop 3rd person
singular -s
use who & which
interchangeably
omit articles & insert
in uncommon places
not used by native
speakers
use fixed forms as tag
questions
insert redundant
prepositions
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