ENG 571 Lecture 1: Ch 1. History of Methods Chart

18 views4 pages
5 Dec 2019
School
Department
Course
Professor
Method
Grammar-
Translation
Approach
The Direct Method
The Reading
Approach
The Audiolingual
Approach
The Oral-Situational
Approach
When
did it become
popular?
beginning 19th
century
end of 19th
century
1929
1945
-1955
-Britain (1940-60)
Who
were the
scholars?
Karl Ploetz;
German Scholar
-Francois Gouin;
Frenchman
-Alexander von
Humboldt
-Emile de Sauze
-Modern Lang
Association of
America
-Michael West
-Coleman
-Howatt
-Fries
-Bloomfield
Eckersley
Why
was it
introduced?
-way to teach Latin
and other
vernaculars that
became a modern
language
-use rather than
analyze lang
-exclusive use of
target lang
-lang cant be
taught, one can
only create
conditions for
learning to take
place
-given the skills &
limits of most lang
teachers, all
people could
expect was for
students to be able
to read target lang
-when WWII broke
out, U.S. military
needed to
quickly/efficiently
teach members to
speak foreign langs
and understand
when spoken to by
foreigners
-drew on reform
movement & direct
method
-reaction to
reading approach
& its lack of
emphasis on
listening/speaking
skills
-dominant in Britain
-advocated
organizing
structures around
situations to
provide a chance
to practice target
lang
What
are the basic
principles
behind it?
-the instruction is
given in native
lang of student
-little use of target
lang for
communication
-focus on grammar
forms/word
inflections
-early reading of
hard texts
-translate
sentences from
-no use of native
lang allowed
-lessons start wth
dialogue in
modern convo
style
-actions & pics
used to make
meanings clear
-grammar learned
by repeated
exposure to lang in
use
-only grammar
useful for reading
was taught
-vocab is
controlled at first &
then expanded
-translation is
included &
respected
-reading comp is
only lang skill
focused on
-the teacher
doesn't need to be
-lessons start with
dialogues
-memorization is
used
-grammar
structures are
sequenced and
rules taught
through repeated
exposure
-skills are
sequenced; first,
listen/speak, then
read/write
-spoken lang is
primary
-all lang material is
practiced orally
before doing
written form
-only target lang
should be used in
class
-ensure most
general & useful
lexical items are
taught
: A
Histo
ry
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