HDF 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Coronary Artery Disease, Old Age
The number of years the average newborn of a particular population group is likely to live. Currently in us 74 for males, 80 for females. Raises blood pressure & increases risk of stroke & heart attack. Most elderly people, even the oldest-old, do not have any particular disease. Less than half have cardiovascular disease or diabetes or dementia but almost everyone has at least one disease, and many have several. Coronary heart disease, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and most forms of cancer are much more common in late adulthood. Overall slowness of the body means that diseases grow more slowly. Bodies become less efficient at digesting food and using its nutrients. Need fewer calories so nutrients need to be packed into the fewer calories. Need a varied and healthful diet more essential now than ever. Lack of b complex vitamins = memory deficiency. Antibiotics reduce absorption of iron, calcium vitamin k.