HDF 110 Lecture 3: Quiz 3 Study Guide

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5 Dec 2019
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HDF110 Quiz 3 Study Guide
How U.S. Life Expectancy Compares to Other Countries:
29th place; 77.9 years
Tied w/ South Korea & Denmark
How Much U.S. Spends/person on Health Care
More than double other industrialized countries
Spent $6102/person on medical care in 2004
More than 2x $2552 of the 30 OECD countries-- YET U.S. health
outcomes are among the worst
U.S. Rank for Smoking Cigs
Below 25
U.S. has greatest inequality bt drugs/life expenctancy, fewest social protections,
& most poverty
Greatest Diff in Life Expectancy in U.S.
15 years
Populations in wealthy communities on avg live into their 80’s
Some inner-city neighborhoods/Native American reservations barely live to 60
Biggest Killers of Black Males in Many Poor, Segregated Urban Neighborhoods:
Heart disease
Stroke
Chronic diseases that harm middle-aged men
Kids in Poverty are _____x More Likely to Have Poor Health Compared to High-Income
Houses:
7x
Kids most vulnerable
Susceptible to: housing, poor food, bad schools, unsafe streets, chronic stress
Impacts are cumulative & lead to increased risk that influences health as adult
_____ MORE SUPERMARKETS IN WHITE NEIGHBORHOODS COMPARED TO
BLACK/LATINO:
4x
Black/Latino have more fast food & liquor stores
Lack stores with fresh, affordable food
WHICH GROUP HAS BEST HEALTH IN U.S.:
Recent Latino immigrants
Have better health outcomes despite being poorer on average
Longer they live here, though, worse it gets for them
STRONGEST HEALTH PREDICTOR:
Whether you have $ or not
More $ you have, better your health
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MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR BEHIND 30 YR INCREASE IN U.S. LIFE EXPECTANCY:
Social reforms
Researchers attribute life expectancy increase to social changes (better wages,
housing, job security, working conditions, civil rights laws, sanitation)
OTHER INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES HAVE LONGER LIFE EXPECTANCIES BC:
More egalitarian; focus more on social conditions that make us sick in the first
place
Social policies (living wage jobs, paid sick/fam leave, paid vacations, pre-
school, guaranteed health care) all mandated by law in these countries
TOP 1% U.S. FAMS OWN AS MUCH WEALTH AS BOTTOM ______:
90& combined
Top 5% fam $ increased by 81%, bottom 40% fell by half
ANNUAL COST TO BUSINESSES IN U.S. BC OF ILLNESS:
$1.1 Trillion
Financial burden of chronic illness takes BIG toll on economic productivity in
form of extra sick days, reduced worker performance, etc.
HOW MANY PAID VACATION DAYS MANDATED BY U.S. LAW:
None
Only rich country that doesn’t guarantee paid vacation/paid sick days by law
GAP IN LIFE EXPECTANCY BETWEEN MOST AND LEAST DEPRIVED COUNTIES IN U.S:
Widened by 60%
as economic inequality grew after 1980, so did life expectancy gap bt rich and
the rest of U.S.
HEALTH EQUITY: “UNNATURAL CAUSES”
What is the connection between health and wealth?
How does the U.S. compare to other industrialized nations in terms of health
and life expectancy?
According the documentary, what factors contribute to the differences in health
due to wealth?
What impact does stress have on health?
How does stress tend to vary by socioeconomic status?
How does “control” of work environment appear to contribute to stress and
health according to research discussed in Unnatural Causes?
According to Unnatural Causes _________________ policy= Health policy. What
are examples of these types of policies and how would the examples you come
up contribute to improved health?
What role does exposure to violence play in health?
What is the “poverty tax” as discussed in “Place Matters”?
How does the neighborhood a person lives in impact his or her health?
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