HDF 110 Lecture 2: HDF110 Week 2 Notes

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5 Dec 2019
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HDF110 Week 2 Notes: Understanding Race
person’s economic well-being often correlates with his or her skin color
no evidence that race is a biological reality
race is an idea that has been socially constructed.
Question to think about: what explains the differences in well-being between
different racial groups?
Caucasians controlled power structure since they arrived in North America hundreds of
years ago
Understand how dominant group (Caucasians) gained and maintained their
power:
different types of power used to control the subordinate group:
Pharr: ways the dominant group maintains power
Institutional power: political, ideological
Economic power: dominant group holds a majority of USA total net worth
Violence: backs up the institutional/economic power; ex- criminal justice
system
Webber: three domains of society, ways dominant groups exploit subordinate
groups
Ideology (ideas and knowledge): media, religion, and education;
producing and distributing ideas about society, why its organized the
way it is, what needs to be known to function in society
Political (direct control over others): government, law, justice, police,
military; creating and enforcing laws and government structures that
define rights, responsibilities, and privileges
Economic (material goods and resources): major industries & work
producing and distributing valued goods and services.
Race & Racism Ch 1-2:
cruel treatment of Blacks and Native Americans by Caucasians:
Used main forms of power (institutional and political-- mainly) to control
these groups in several ways
From segregation by the Jim Crow laws to ghettoization and
suburbanization in modern culture, forces are at work to continuously
separate and discriminate.
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