Stratification refers to systematic inequalities between groups of people that arise as intended or unintended consequences of social processes and relationships. Ontological equality is the notion that everyone is created equal in the eyes of god. Inequality is acceptable so long as everyone has the same opportunities for advancement and is judged by the same standards. Cornerstone of civil rights movement in the u. s. Meritocracy - people acheive their place in the stratification system based on their merit. Achievement ideology - you can be anything you want to be if you work hard enough. We should all have the same chances and level of living conditions (health care, clean water, ect. ) The movement to move between different positions within a system of social stratification in any given society, can be either horizontal or vertical and can take place on the individual or group level.