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Lecture 4

CMST 472 Lecture 4: The Power of Talk
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Department
Communication Studies
Course Code
CMST 472
Professor
Nan Li

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2/15/17
Additional Rdng: The Power of Talk- Deborah Tannen
- Who Gets Heard & Why
- What is Linguistic Style?
o Linguistic style: persons charac. spkng pattern
Directness/indirectness
Pacing/pausing
Word choice
Use of jokes, figures of speech, stories, ?s, apologies
o Defn Set of cult. learned signals by which we comm. what we mean/interp. oth.
meaning & eval. one anoth. as ppl
o Elements:
Turn taking
o Every utterance functions on 2 levels:
1. Lang. comm. ideas
2. Lang. nego. relationships
We signal/create relative status of spkrs/their level of rapport
o Male vs. female
F = conversational rituals focus on rapport dimension of relationships
M = rituals that focus on status dimension
- One Up, One Down
o Indiv. spkrs vary in how sensitive they are to social dynamics of lang.
M power dynamics
Spkng in ways that position themselves as one up/resisting being put in
one down position by oth.
F rapport dynamics
Spkng in ways that save face for oth./buffering statements that could be
seen as putting oth. in one down position
o Getting Credit
Choice of pronoun can affect who gets credit
I s. e
o Confidence & Boasting
One way to judge confidence is by indiv. verbal behav.
F downplay their certainty
M min. their doubts
o Asking Questions
How/when ?s are asked send unintended signals about competence/power
M resist asking for directions due to fear of neg. opinion of oth.
F looked @ as knowing less for asking ?s
- Conversational Rituals
o We speak in ways our cult. has conventionalized/expect certain types of responses
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Description
find more resources at oneclass.com 2/15/17 Additional Rdng: The Power of Talk- Deborah Tannen - Who Gets Heard & Why - What is Linguistic Style? o Linguistic style: persons charac. spkng pattern  Directness/indirectness  Pacing/pausing  Word choice  Use of jokes, figures of speech, stories, ?s, apologies o Defn  Set of cult. learned signals by which we comm. what we mean/interp. oth. meaning & eval. one anoth. as ppl o Elements:  Turn taking o Every utterance functions on 2 levels:  1. Lang. comm. ideas  2. Lang. nego. relationships  We signal/create relative status of spkrs/their level of rapport o Male vs. female  F = conversational rituals focus on rapport dimension of relationships  M = rituals that focus on status dimension - One Up, One Down o Indiv. spkrs vary in how sensitive they are to social dynamics of lang.  M  power dynamics  Spkng in ways that position themselves as one up/resisting being put in one down position by oth.  F  rapport dynamics  Spkng in ways that save face for oth./buffering statements that could be seen as putting oth. in one down position o Getting Credit  Choice of pronoun can affect who gets credit  ▯I▯ ▯s. ▯▯e▯ o Confidence & Boasting  One way to judge confidence is by indiv. verbal behav.  F  downplay their certainty  M  min. their doubts o Asking Questions  How/when ?s are asked send unintended signals about competence/power  M  resist asking for directions due to fear of neg. opinion of oth.  F  looked @ as knowing less for asking ?s - Conversational Rituals o We speak in ways our cult. has conventionalized/expect certain types of responses find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com o Apologies  F say ▯I’▯ sorry▯ ▯ore tha▯ M  As ritualized means of expressing concern  Appear weaker, less confident, more blameworthy  M focus on status implications of exchanges  Avoid b/c puts spkr in one down position o Feedback  “tyles of gi▯i▯g feed▯a▯k ▯o▯tai▯ ritual ele▯e▯ts that’s ofte▯ ▯ause for misunderstanding  I▯▯ide▯ts la▯eled as ▯poor ▯o▯▯.▯ ▯ay ▯e result of differi▯g li▯guisti▯ styles o Compliments  F do this m
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