Class Notes (836,999)
United States (324,882)
Lecture 1

FD SC 2140 Lecture 1: Fats and Sweeteners Lecture 1

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Food Science
FD SC 2140
Paul Dawson

FDSC 2140 Pr. Paul Dawson Lecture Notes – Fats and Artificial Sweeteners What is a sweetener? An artificial sweetener is a substance that isn’t sugar, but is traditionally derived from sucrose. Food processors are now able to be created from a variety of sources, but many stick to a sucrose base. They are able to deliver a taste sensation of sweetness, and is usually sold in a form that looks similar to granulated sugar. What makes a compound taste sweet? It must contain a pair of one of three functional groups: OH, NH, or N2 . There is a system used to determine just how sweet a certain sweetener is compared to others, and this is called the relative sweetness scale. It’s based off of sucrose levels, assuming sucrose has a value of 100. Three Categories of Natural Sweeteners:  Sugar Cane and Beet Products: o Liquid Sugar – melted form of granulated sugar o Invert Liquid Sugar – made from splitting sucrose into component parts o Molasses – concentrated juice from sugar-bearing plants o Brown, Yellow, or Golden Sugar – a fine-grain sugar that is composed of cane syrups  Corn Products: o Corn Syrup – produced from the starch of corn using hydrolysis reactions o Glucose – made form complete breakdown of starches and is often also called corn syrup o Corn Syrup Solids – dried versions of corn syrup that can be utilized as glucose solids o High Fructose Corn Syrup – similar to invert sugar without an equal glucose-fructose ratio o Fructose – made from refining starch, and has highest l
More Less

Related notes for FD SC 2140

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.