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Class Notes for Genetics at Clemson University

Exam Study Guides for Genetics Courses

Covers all exam topics.

GEN-3000 Lecture 17: Ch. 17 notes

find more resources at oneclass.com Sanner1 Genetics Chapter 17- Recombinant DNA Technology Recombinant DNA Technology Set of ...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture 4: GeneticsChapter 4:Alleles

Vocabulary: -Allele: looking at dierent forms of a gene -Loss-of-function mutation: The protein is losing its ability in some way to carry out its job -Null Allele: Complete loss of function-allele is not doing its job -Ga...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Punnett Square, Mutual Exclusivity, Mendelian Inheritance

Mendelian Genetics Success... Pea plants 1. Choice of subjects: easy to grow, grows rapidly, produces many ospring 2. Had genetically pure stocks of dierent types of peas to start studies : he knew what to expect 3. Avoide...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Robertsonian Translocation, Dosage Compensation, Aneuploidy

-Karyotype: display of complete set of chromosomes -Chromosmal mutations 1. Chromosomal rearrangements - Duplication: extra copy of region of chromosomes -Tandem vs. displaces duplication: duplicated region is immediately ...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Homologous Chromosome, Mendelian Inheritance, Karyotype

Linkage, Recombination, and Gene Mapping Alfred Henry Sturtevant- Student of T.H. Morgan (Morgan suggested that genes on same chromosome segregated together- also that closely linked were rarely subject to recombination 19...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Sister Chromatids, Nuclear Membrane, Cell Membrane

Chapter 2: Mitosis and Meiosis *More info a bout sister chromatids vs homologous chromosomes Dening cell stuctures and the dierences between Eukaryotes and Prokaryotes -3 major groups of life: Eubacteria-true bacteria, Arc...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Theodor Schwann, Pcsk9, Louis Pasteur

Genetics Introduction to Genetics -Translational Medicine: a process in which genetic ndings are directly translated into new and improved methods of diagnosis and treatment. -This is then used by reachers and clinicians t...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture 5: Genetics_Chapter 5

-Sexual Reproduction: formation of offspring that are genetically distinct form parent -Sex: defined by phenotype of individual (not genotype) -Monoecious: has both female and male reproductive structures one house -Dioeci...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Dna Replication, Nucleosome, Dna Supercoil

Three Models for DNA Replication 1. Conservative Replication Like a copier: keep original and have a copy 2. Dispersive Replication Old strand is copied and have new strand but the old stand is dispersed into new strand 3....

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Tobacco Mosaic Virus, X-Ray Crystallography, Dna Extraction

Early on, Genetic Material had some known properties: 1. must be capable of being replicated faithfully 2. Must encode complex information 3. Must be able to express that information to yield phenotype 4. Must have variati...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Open Reading Frame, Missense Mutation, Nonsense Mutation

Gene Mutation, DNA Repair, and Transposition Open Reading Frame (ORF)-everything between start and stop codon AUG.......UGA Mutations impact life in several ways Mutation-inherited change in genetic information-either in d...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Start Codon, Release Factor, World Federation Of Trade Unions

Transcription takes place in the nucleus while translation takes place in cytoplasm Ribosomes, the protein synthesis machines are make up of protein and RNA Have large and small sub unites in both prokaryotes and eukaryote...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Histone Code, Operon, Repressor

Constitutive enzymes-Always produced AdaptiveFaculative enzymes: made when needed Inducible: production is on when an inducer is present Repressible: production is off when a product is present Regulation by binding DNA Si...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Francis Crick, Start Codon, Transfer Rna

Proteins are made in cytoplasm (translation) Transcription: making RNA All cellular types of RNA are transcribed from DNA, while some viruses can copy RNA from RNA How is RNA different from DNA RNA is single stranded -can ...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai
GEN-3000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Horizontal Gene Transfer, Replica Plating, Auxotrophy

Bacterial and Viral Genetic Systems Advantages of using bacteria and viruses for genetic studies (Table 8.1) Reproduction is rapid Many progeny are produced The haploid genome allows all mutations to be expressed directly ...

Genetics
GEN-3000
Kate Tsai

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