PKSC 1020 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Tamper-Evident Technology, Polypropylene, Nabisco

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8/28/17
History of Packaging
History of Packaging
PKGSC 102
Definition of Packaging
Definition of Packaging
Dictionary:
“A protective unit for storing or shipping a commodity” too limiting
Textbook:
“..coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, distribution, storage, retailing and use of goods” still
doesn’t cover it well
How the Clemson Packaging Program defines it:
“It is a field that involves the use of materials, methods and machinery to develop and produce the packages
that protect and preserve a product, help market the product and instruct the consumer in its proper use”
Earliest Packaging
Earliest Packaging
Consider what life was like in ancient days.
Packaging provided simple function of containment
Woven grass baskets, shells, wooden bowls, animal hides and skins, coconut shell
Noteable developments in Ancient Man-made Packages
Noteable developments in Ancient Man-made Packages
3000 B.C. Egyptians learned to blow and cast glass
105 A.D. Paper invented in China
c. 1500 Cork stopper used for bottles such as wine (first evidence of protective packaging)
Next major developments occurred during Industrial Revolution
Noteable Developments During the Industrial Revolution
Noteable Developments During the Industrial Revolution
1809 – Nicholas Appert – canning process
1810 – Peter Durand – develops tin cannister
1868 – John Hyatt – patent for celluloid, leading to development of cellulose, first “plastic”
c. 1895 - 1895 Toothpaste first offered in tubes (first convenience packaging)
Noteable Developments During the Industrial Revolution
Noteable Developments During the Industrial Revolution
1877 – Quaker Oats first used the “Quaker Man” to represent their product
1897 – First major use of paperboard for National Biscuit Company “Uneeda” Biscuit product
late 1800- early 1900’s first major use of graphics to help sell a product
Packaging Timeline (cont.)
Packaging Timeline (cont.)
End of Industrial Rev. and Around WWII
movement from bulk packaging to retail packaging – sold in general stores
illustrates how social changes interact with packaging developments
1
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