Pr. Fred Switzer
Lecture Notes – Personality
What is personality?
**Personality = an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting
• Autonomic nervous system & limbic system • Cognitively Based
based • More situational or learned trait
• Plays role in procedural memory
• More physiological trait
Four Basic Perspectives:
o Social-cognitive Good theories
What is the psychoanalytic perspective?
Part of the original Freudian Theory that contains the unconscious, also popularly known as the
subconscious, containing unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. This concept it FALSE.
There is a term known as preconscious, which is more commonly accepted in current
psychology theories. It has been accepted that what is considered the unconscious by the general public
is actually just System 1 modules.
**preconscious = information that is not conscious but is retrievable if needed
This perspective also includes things such as ego, superego, and defense mechanisms that are
also FALSE but widely believed in despite all studies disproving them.
What is the humanistic perspective?
Includes ideas such as self-esteem, self-actualization, and other concepts of focusing on oneself.
This theory is also MOSTLY FALSE. Most concepts were considered vague, it was sometimes thought to
cause self-indulgence, and it didn’t address the concept of evil.
It did spark studies in mindfulness psychology, which lead to beneficial psychological discoveries
about people and personality, however most of the original theory is considered FALSE today. What is the trait perspective?
The trait perspective uses a number of different traits, or personality factors, to predict the type
of personality a person will have. Currently, there are 5 factors that are generally agreed upon when
determining personality traits, and they are commonly referred to using the acronym O.C.E.A.N. The