PSYCH 2010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, The Automatic

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1 Sep 2015
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2/25/14
Psychology Notes- Day 13 (Ch. 7)
Learning
Timeline of Psychology:
Early structuralists and functionalists (late 1800s)
oWundt, James…
Behaviorists (c 1920-1960s)
oPavlov, Thorndike, Watson, Skinner…
Cognitive (1960s-today)
Overview
Types of learning
oNon-associative learning
A type of learning we share with all organisms
oAssociative learning
Classical conditioning
Operant conditioning
What is Learning?
Learning is the process through which experience modifies behavior and understanding
We learn by
oExperiencing events
oObserving relationships between those events and
oNoting the regularity in the world around them
Non-Associative Learning
Habituation
oThe process of adapting to stimuli that do not change (e.g., scarecrow)
Sensitization
oShowing progressively larger responses following repeated presentations of
stimuli (e.g., scratching itch)
Classical Conditioning (Associative Learning)
Why do you panic when you see the cops blue lights?
Why do you get nervous when you must speak publicly?
These are learned responses from observing relationships in the world
Pavlov:
Studied digestive system of dogs through how much they salivated
Group 1
oDogs presented with meat
oThey salivated
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