Psychology Notes- Day 13 (Ch. 7)
Timeline of Psychology:
•Early structuralists and functionalists (late 1800s)
•Behaviorists (c 1920-1960s)
oPavlov, Thorndike, Watson, Skinner…
•Types of learning
A type of learning we share with all organisms
What is Learning?
•Learning is the process through which experience modifies behavior and understanding
•We learn by
oObserving relationships between those events and
oNoting the regularity in the world around them
oThe process of adapting to stimuli that do not change (e.g., scarecrow)
oShowing progressively larger responses following repeated presentations of
stimuli (e.g., scratching itch)
Classical Conditioning (Associative Learning)
•Why do you panic when you see the cops blue lights?
•Why do you get nervous when you must speak publicly?
•These are learned responses from observing relationships in the world
•Studied digestive system of dogs through how much they salivated
oDogs presented with meat