PSYCH 2010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Antisocial Personality Disorder, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder

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1 Sep 2015
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4/22/14
Psychology Notes- Day 25 (Ch.14)
Psychological Disorders
Psychological Disorders
Behavior that is:
oDeviant
War
oDistressful
Olympics
oDysfunctional
Spiders
Anxiety Disorders
Distressing, persistent anxiety or dysfunctional anxiety-reducing behaviors
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Panic Disorder
Phobias
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Typical feelings of stress and worry that persist
Inability to identify the cause of stress
Can lead to physical problems
Phobias
Irrational fear that causes sufferer to go to great lengths to avoid a particular object or
activity
Specific Phobia- Spiders, heights, blood, etc.
Social Phobia- shyness to the extreme
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Distressing, persistent anxiety or dysfunctional anxiety-reducing behaviors
Rely on compulsive rituals as an escape from obsessive thoughts
Interferes with daily life
Somatoform Disorders
Somatic-Relating to the Body
Psychological symptoms take a bodily form
Hypochondriasis
Somatization Disorder
Pain Disorder
Conversion Disorder
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Body dysmorphic disorder (not in book)
Somatoform Disorders
Hypochondriasis
oStrong, unjustified fear that one has, or might experience, some serious physical
problem
Somatization Disorder
oPerson makes dramatic, but vague, reports about a multitude of physical problems
rather than any specific illness
Pain Disorder
oPerson complains of severe, often constant pain with no physical cause
Conversion Disorder
oAnxiety is “converted” into physical symptoms
oPerson shows symptoms of bodily disorder even though there is no physical cause
oSymptoms may be physically impossible
oPerson shows little concern for this “serious” problem
Dissociative disorders
Conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts,
and feelings
Symptoms
oHaving a sense of being unreal
oBeing separated from the body
oWatching yourself as if in a movie
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
Previously known as Multiple Personality Disorder
Person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities
Explaining Dissociative Disorders
Psychodynamic View
oDisorder is the result of a massive repression of unwanted impulses or memories
oEgo buries the previous, stressful identity
Social-Cognitive View
oEveryone is capable or behaving in different ways depending on circumstances
oHillside Strangler
Mood Disorders
Major depression
Bi-polar disorder
Depressive Disorders
Major Depressive Disorder
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Document Summary

Anxiety disorders: distressing, persistent anxiety or dysfunctional anxiety-reducing behaviors, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder. Generalized anxiety disorder: typical feelings of stress and worry that persist, can lead to physical problems. Irrational fear that causes sufferer to go to great lengths to avoid a particular object or activity: specific phobia- spiders, heights, blood, etc, social phobia- shyness to the extreme. Obsessive-compulsive disorder: distressing, persistent anxiety or dysfunctional anxiety-reducing behaviors, rely on compulsive rituals as an escape from obsessive thoughts. Somatoform disorders: somatic-relating to the body, psychological symptoms take a bodily form, hypochondriasis, somatization disorder, pain disorder, conversion disorder, body dysmorphic disorder (not in book) Dissociative disorders and feelings: symptoms, having a sense of being unreal, being separated from the body, watching yourself as if in a movie. Dissociative identity disorder (did: previously known as multiple personality disorder, person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities.

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