PSYCH 3830 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: False Alarm, Panic Attack, Social Anxiety Disorder

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PSYC 3830 Lecture 11 (Chapter 5)
Benzodiazepines-inhibit learning
Classical and operant
Benzos conditioning to not focus on anxiety problems because
drugs are already treating them
Chapter 5
Anxiety Disorders
Specific Phobia
Extreme and irrational fear of a specific object or situation
People know that they’re being irrational
Feared situation induces anxiety
Causes significant impairment and distress
Out of proportion to the actual danger
People avoid phobic situations
Prevalence: 12.5% (lifetime)
More females than males
Follow a chronic course
Onset: 7 years old
Fears in general are common
Most suffer from multiple phobias
One of the most common anxiety disorders
Common phobias:
Direct experience (traumatic)
False alarm (panic attack from something unexpected)
Vicarious experience (seeing something happen to someone else)
Information transmission (learn about something being dangerous)
CBT with exposure
Exposure must be gradual and structured (hierarchy)
When people try on their own, they do it too fast
Social Anxiety Disorder
Extreme irrational concern about being negatively evaluated by other
There is a normal level of this that’s ok
Distress and dysfunction
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