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Lecture 12

ANEQ 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Tetanus, Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus, Encephalitis

Animal Sciences
Course Code
ANEQ 102
Mr. Ryan Brooks

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Diseases and Vaccinations
Infectious Disease Control Depends Primarily on Good Management! No vaccination
program in the world can make up for poor management.
Preventing Infectious Disease:
Good management helps prevent every disease
Vaccination is KEY
Not available for all diseases
Not all available vaccines are efficacious
Why Vaccination?
To prevent or limit the degree of disease
Limitations & Benefits:
Not a 100% guarantee
Antibody response
Duration of protection
Specificity for strain
Local requirements (stable, show, etc.)
Prevention of disease
Most Common Vaccinations in Horses
Tetanus or lock -jaw
•Fatal disease caused by a bacteria found in soil. Infection by contaminating wounds
•Wounds/scratches iodine/surgical spirit
•Clinical signs: stiff legged gait, tense facial expressions, inability to eat properly and
breathing difficulties. This often progresses to being unable to stand and death.
•Most susceptible species
•Newborn foals should be protected against tetanus by an injection of tetanus antitoxin
soon after birth. Their navel should be dipped
•Sporadic •Horses highly susceptible
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