CHEM 107 Lecture Notes - Lecture 39: Carboxylic Acid, Nonmetal, Sodium Hydroxide

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20 Mar 2017
School
Department
Course
3-19-17-Review
Monday, March 20, 2017
10:55 AM
Week 9
Acid/Base Reactions (chapter 7 and 14)
Gas evolution reactions (chapter 7)
Structure of Acids
Binary acids
-have acidic hydrogens attached directly to a nonmetal atom
-HCl
-HF
Oxyacids
-have acid hydrogens attached to an oxygen atom
H2SO4
HNO3
Carboxylic acid
-have -COOH group
HC2H3O2
HC6H7O7
Structure of Bases
-most common bases usually contain OH- ions
NaOH
Ca(OH)2
-other common bases include ionic compounds containing CO32- ions
-molecular bases contain functional groups that react with H+
Arrhenius Definition of Acids/Bases***KNOW THESE FOR
EXAM
Acid
-substance that produces hydrogen ions, H+, when dissolved in water
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