CHEM 107 Lecture Notes - Lecture 50: Magnesium Hydroxide, Ph, Sodium Hydroxide

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11 Aug 2017
School
Department
Course
3-30-17-Conversions
Thursday, March 30, 2017
10:59 AM
Concentration of H3O+ determines pH
pH = -log[H3O+]
If you know pH, you can determine [H3O+]
10-pH = [H3O+]
You can also determine [OH-] and pOH
pOH = -log [OH-]
And
10-pOH = [OH-]
pH + pOH = 14
[H3O+] [OH-] = 1.0 x 10-14
pH Ranges
Lower the pH
-more acidic the solution
Higher the pH
-more basic the solution
pH is logarithmic
1 pH unit corresponds to a factor of 10 difference in acidity
Practice:
0.050 M HCl solution. What is the pH?
Since this is a strong acid, the 0.050 M is telling us the H3O+ concentration
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Document Summary

Concentration of h3o+ determines ph ph = -log[h3o+] If you know ph, you can determine [h3o+] You can also determine [oh-] and poh poh = -log [oh-] 10-poh = [oh-] ph + poh = 14. [h3o+] [oh-] = 1. 0 x 10-14 ph ranges. 1 ph unit corresponds to a factor of 10 difference in acidity. Since this is a strong acid, the 0. 050 m is telling us the h3o+ concentration ph = -log[h3o+] ph = 1. 3. Since [oh-] is known: poh = -log (0. 040) = 1. 4 ph + poh = 14 ph = 14 - 1. 4 = 12. 6. Mg(oh)2 (s) + 2hcl (aq) mgcl2 (aq) + 2h2o (l) Just like all stoichiometry problems, you need to get moles of whatever you are starting with and use mole ratios to get what you are looking for. 0. 10 g mg(oh)2 x (1 mol mg (oh)2 / 58. 33g mg(oh)2) x (2 mol hcl / 1 mol.

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