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FSHN 125 Lecture Notes - Multivitamin, Veganism, 1Time Airline

Food Sci+Human Nutrition
Course Code
FSHN 125
John Avens

of 4
16 October
Learning Exercise #54
Which are all water-soluble vitamins?
A. Vitamin A, vitamin C, folic acid
B. Niacin, thiamine, vitamin E
*C. Vitamin B6, folic acid, vitamin C
D. Vitamin C, vitamin A, thiamine
E. Vitamin D, vitamin A, vitamin E, and vitamin K
Learning Objective
Compare vitamins to
Protein, fat, and carbohydrate
In terms of
Chemical structure
Digestion and absorption
Functional use
Requirement in human diet
Vitamins are
Organic chemicals (Carbon)
No characteristic structure
Small amounts in foods
Not digested
Absorbed intact in small intestine
Not yield energy
Not used for tissue structure
Regulators of body metabolism
Necessary for normal growth and body functioning
Needed in human body in minute amounts
Daily dietary requirement
Not synthesized by the body; essential in diet
Learning Objective
Which vitamins are
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
All dogs eat kibbles
Pantothenic acid
Vitamin B-6
Folate (folic acid)
Vitamin B-12
Vitamin C
Learning Objective
Which are more likely to be toxic at megadose intake levels?
Fat-soluble vitamins
Explain why
Fat does not easily leave body
Stores in body tissues
Water moves around body readily
Learning Objectives
What should you recommend concerning vitamin supplementation of the diet for
Healthy adults eating typical varied, balanced diet: don’t need vit. pills
People with medically diagnosed vitamin deficiencies, specific diseases
1-time vitamin K injection
Vitamin B-12
Pregnant & lactating women
Older people, low energy intake
Learning Exercise #55
Which of the following should have some vitamin supplementation?
A. Newborn babies
B. Strict “vegan” vegetarians
C. Healthy adults eating a balanced variety of regular food in moderation