Most deaf people are raised in hearing families – 90%
Only 10% of Deaf children are born into a native visual language readily accessible to them
A common language. Communication. Knowledge
Schooling deaf children: seemed logical to collect them in one place to address their common
In 1880, there was an international conference of deaf educators, the Second International
Congress on Education of the Deaf. At this conference, held September, 1880, a declaration
was made that oral education (teaching the deaf to read lips and use their voice) was better
than manual (sign language) education. A resolution was passed banning sign language. Sign
language was banned/forbidden at schools for the deaf.
For more than 70 years a shameful stigma was associated with using sign language.
Mid 1970’s ASL achieved recognition as a unique language, different from English