PHIL 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Teleological Argument, A Posteriori, Bertrand Russell

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The world contains things whos existence depends upon some cause. Everything that exists is either uncaused or caused to exist by another. There cannot be an infinite regress of causes. So there must be an uncaused frst cause. Objection (3) is false 0 an infinite regress is possible. Inference from (5) to (6) is not logical -- first cause could be something other than monotheistic god. Objection bertrand russell: contingeny argument commits the fallacy of composition: 1. Every human has a biological mother: 2. Since every human has a biological mother, the human species must have a biological mother: 3. Thus, the human species has a biological mother. Objection: (6) is false infinite regress of contingent beings is possible: everything in existence could be explained by the existence of something else. Teleological = prove god"s existence by examining the apparent design found in the world. By examining our experience of effects, we can derive conclusions about what caused those effects.

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