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Lecture 7

PSY 260 Lecture 7: Chapter 7: Social Bonds

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PSY 260
John Adams

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❖ Social Bond: Synchrony ➢ Synchrony - rapidly occurring mutual non verbal exchange between parent and child ➢ Begins with adults imitating infants, responding to barely perceptible facial expressions and body movements ➢ Infants learn what behaviors convey what aspects of the internal state to people in their culture ➢ Still-Face Technique ❖ Attachment ➢ Attachment - an affectional tie that an infant forms with a caregiver; persists over time ➢ Demonstrated in infants by: ■ Proximity-seeking ■ Contact-maintaining ➢ Parents are attached to their children as well ➢ Based in assumption of meeting needs ➢ Has been found across many cultures, but manifests differently depending on norms ❖ 4 Types of Attachment: Secure ➢ Secure Attachment - relationship in which an infant obtains both comfort and confidence from the presence of their caregiver ➢ Caregiver acts as a safe base for exploration ➢ 50 - 70% of all 1 year olds ➢ Ainsworth's Strange Situation - measures attachment by evoking stress reactions to the leaving and returning of both caregiver and stranger ❖ Secure Attachment and Parenting Approaches ➢ Secure attachment is more likely if ■ The parent is typically sensitive and responsive to the infant’s needs ■ Infant-parent relationship is high in synchrony ■ Parents aren’t stressed about income, marriage, or other children ■ Parents have a working model of secure attachment from their relationship with their parents ❖ Maltreatment Definitions ➢ Child Abuse - deliberate action that impairs a child’s physical, emotional, or social well being ➢ Neglect - failure to meet essential physical or emotional needs ❖ 4 Types of Attachment: Insecure - Avoidant ➢ Insecure-Avoidant - infant avoids connection with the caregiver; seems not to care about their presence, departure, or return ➢ 10 - 20% of 1 year olds ➢ Predictors/causes ■ Neglect ■ Parental stres
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