Class Notes (839,482)
United States (325,986)
Psychology (757)
PSY 260 (26)
John Adams (22)
Lecture 3

PSY 260 Lecture 3: Piaget and Sensorimotor Intelligence
Premium

4 Pages
70 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 260
Professor
John Adams

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
❖ Piaget and Sensorimotor Intelligence ➢ Piaget was the first scientist/developmentalist to posit that babies are learning ➢ Circular reaction - loop of sensation, perception, and cognition, with no discernible beginning or end ➢ Sensorimotor Intelligence ■ Refers to infant thinking processes that rely on their senses and motor skills ■ 6 substages ❖ Primary Circular Reactions ➢ Substage One ■ Reflexes like sucking, staring, grasping, etc. ● Lasts 1 month ● Suck anything that first touches their lips ➢ Substage Two ■ First acquired adaptations ● Months 1 to 4 ● Develop cognition to suck some ways for hunger, others for comfort, and don’t suck just anything anymore ❖ Secondary Circular Reaction ➢ Substage Three ■ Making interesting sights last ● 4 - 8 Months ● Smile, clap, celebrate ➢ Substage Four ■ New adaptation and anticipation ● 8 - 12 Months ● Pursuing a goal ❖ Substage Four: Pursuing Goals ➢ Babies can use signs at this age, like “eat” and “more” ❖ Substage Four: Object Permanence ➢ 8 Months ■ Start to look under and around for fallen toys ➢ Happens for blind babies as well, search for objects they hear ➢ A - Not - B error occurs at 18 months ■ Will look for the same object under one thing rather than the second even if it was shown and placed right in front of them ➢ Practical uses of this knowledge as a parent? ■ Peek-a-boo ■ Hide n’ seek ❖ Tertiary Circular Reaction ➢ Substage Five ■ Active experimentation ● 12 - 18 Months ● Trial and error ➢ Substage Six ■ Mental combinations ● 18 - 24 Months ● Think through how to achieve the goal with knowledge of previous experience and with imagination ● Because they can combine ideas, they can pretend ● Deferred imitation ◆ Keeping a memory then applying it later down the road ❖ Was Piaget Right? ➢ Yes regarding the “what,” No regarding the “when” ➢ Object permanence might be earlier per “suprise” studies with 5 - month infants ➢ Babies younger than 1 year old have pretended and deferred imitation ➢ Habituation combined with precise measuring tools have given evidence for 1 month olds recognizing the difference between similar phonological sounds and images ❖ Language ➢ What are some early milestones when babies are learning to talk? ■ Saying mom and dad ■ Pointing to things they want a noun to ➢ How do you think babies learn language? ■ Listening to parents or siblings or others around them ■ Inatability ❖ Newborns ➢ The sequence of language development is the same around the world ➢ Prefer language and voice of their mother ■ Familiarity ➢ Child - directed speech, “baby talk” ■ Higher pitch, simple words, repetition, exaggerated tone ■ Fosters learning ■ Babies enjoy rhymes, repetition, melody, alliteration ❖ Babbling ➢ Starts between 6 - 9 months for most babies ➢ Repeat syllables ➢ Other forms of communication ■ Baby sign language ■ No research supporting that signs lead to talking sooner ❖ Language Acquisition ➢ First words: about 1 year ■ Believed to understand about
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit