Mendel's principles, simple probability

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Soil + Crop Sciences
SOCR 330
Sarah Ward

31 August Assumptions Underlying Mendel’s Principles Organism is diploid Only two alleles at a locus Complete dominance Independent assortment of alleles (no linkage) No interaction between loci Uncertainty in Transmission Genetics Many genes (and traits) violate at least one Mendelian assumption How do we known when we are NOT seeing Mendelian segregation? Simple Probability Probability is defined as the number of times a particular event occurs divided by the total number of opportunities for the event to occur ¿ways∈whichAcanoccur Probability of event A occurring = ¿ possibleoutcomes Example of Simple Probability P(even score) when throwing dice: 3 6 = ½ = 0.5 P(odd score) = 0.5 These are MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE EVENTS (if an even score is thrown no odd score is possible) P(A) = 0 = event A is impossible P(A) = 1= event A is
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