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History
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HIST W4377
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Semester
Fall

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Whitney Antoniono HIS 315L Group #9 10/11/2012 Journal Entries for Unit 2 Monday, September 24, 2012 1.3 After class journal Posted by Whitney Antoniono at Monday, September 24, 2012 11:54:23 PM CDT I was fortunate enough to pick a source that I was in agreement with, but that agreeal did make finding a counter position to my source, "What Shall We Do With the Conquered Islands?" by John T. Morgan, a little difficult. However, being in sync with my source made writing an essay on the subject matter easier because it allowed me to borrow bits and pieces from Morgan pro-Imperialism argument and incorporate them into my own argument. Wednesday, September 26, 2012 2.1 Journal Posted by Whitney Antoniono at Wednesday, September 26, 2012 4:37:35 PM CDT Upton Sinclair is a prototype for the "American dream" as he came from a poor, lower class family and worked to receive an education and a name for himself. As a novelist, Sinclair then became interested in the Socialist movement under Eugene V. Debs. The Socialists promoting a "investigative journalism" or Muckraking. Inspired by muckraker success stories and the socialist movement's enticing ideals, Sinclair moved to Chicago to go undercover and investigate the working conditions of the meatpacking industry there. While Sinclair intended to report on the harsh working conditions of the meatpacking industry in Chicago, he instead created public attention to the unsanitary conditions of the factory, which ultimately led to the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act which were both passed in 1906. While Sinclair did not end up doing what he set out to do, he is no less influential as a Progressive muckraker. The Progressive era was all about the middle class, average man making a difference and Sinclair's "investigative journalism" is one of the most noted accomplishment of the time. 2.2 After Class Journal Posted by Whitney Antoniono at Thursday, October 4, 2012 4:40:39 PM CDT My team generally concluded that the interest in eugenics in the 1920's was really society's way to find a measurable value of a person. Eugenics seemed to point at the easiest target, genetics aka those who came before you, as the source for a person's shortcomings or imperfections. We concluded that Eugenics was rather absurd and seemed to be a scapegoat when faced with difficult or pressing social issues. Wednesday, October 3, 2012 2.2 Journal Entry Posted by Whitney Antoniono at Wednesday, October 3, 2012 1:41:17 AM CDT . Identify and briefly describe the content of at least three different types of evidence (images, newspaper clippings, etc.) that you read on the Cold Spring/ Eugenics site. See below. Evidence #1: "Flashing light sign used with small exhibits," Fitter Families Contest Image: #8 Date: 1926 Source: American Philosophical Society Topic(s): Fitter Family Contests The photograph of the sign for Fitter Families Contests is effective advertising and the main idea of the Fitter Families Contest(s) is directly relayed. I saw these contests in resemblance to modern-day child beauty pageants. While shows like Toddlers and Tiaras may find the parading of one's child in full "glitz" humorous and entertaining, I think they are more so means of establishing one's ability to produce exceptional offspring or as they called it during the 1920's, a person's "good" heritability. Evidence #2: "Massachusetts department of mental diseases exhibits pictures of 59 criminal brains" Image: #567 Date: 1921 Source: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Archives Topic(s): Criminality This piece of evidence regarding the study of brain structure in regards to criminal behavior is characteristic of Eugenicists. The belief that man creates culture, not the other way around alluded to Eugenicist belief that criminal behavior, for example, was defined by a physical defect in one's brain. Massachusetts' department of mental diseases' exhibit of such supposed "criminal brains" are biologically set to be criminal in behavior and have been that way since their origin. Today, certain psychological disorders do elicit criminal behavior, but not disorder, whether it be deferred from an actual anatomical deficiency or it be caused by environmental factors, provides one hundred percent proof that they are in fact criminals. Evidence #3: "Forgery and fraud, rankings of native whites of foreign parentage" Image: #1247 Source: American Philosophical Society Topic(s): Criminality, Race and Ethnicity The drawing in my third piece of evidence clearly depicts a classification system associated with race in the United States during the 1920
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