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Class Notes for Near Eastern Studies at Cornell University

Exam Study Guides for Near Eastern Studies Courses

Covers all exam topics.

NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Kefaya, Police Brutality, Extreme Poverty

What were the causes of the Egyptian Revolution of 2011? 1. Causes a. Extreme poverty b. Unemployment c. Endemic corruption d. Police brutality e. Mubarak grooming son ...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Islamic Calendar, Iranian Calendars, Qom

What were the causes? Why was it successful? 1. Economic a. Wasteful spending b. High inflation c. Endemic corruption d. Uneven political distr...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Hosni Mubarak, Vicia Faba, Yom Kippur War

1. Hosni Mubarak a. Commander in chief of air force b. Became vice-president in 1975 c. His presidency was viewed as uneventful d. Preserving the status quo (minimal political risks) ...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Nasserism, Arab Nationalism, Fokker E.Ii

What are some of the reasons for Nasser’s tremendous popularity with the Egyptian and Arab masses? 1. Egypt becoming “Arab” a. Nasser’s anti-imperialist stance increases his popularity in Egypt and the Arab ...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Yom Kippur War, Camp David Accords, Infitah

How was the 1973 was used to legitimize the Sadat Regime? What were the geopolitical results of the 1973 War and the Camp David peace accords? 1. Consequences of 1967 War a. Overwhelming sense of defea...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Ahmad Hassan, Faisal Ii Of Iraq, Tikrit

How was Saddam Husayn able to “rule” Iraq for over three decades? What were the causes and results of the Iran-Iraq war 1. Multiple Coups in Iraq (1958-68) a. 1- in 1959, Faisal II of Iraq overthrown b...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture 17: Nasserism 52-56

Gamal Abdul Nasser 1. Takes power with coup 1953 2. Anti-British/ Anti-imperialist 3. 1936- Anglo-Egyptian Treaty a. Withdrawal of British ...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Reza Shah, Mohammad Mosaddegh

1. Rise of Muhammad Reza Shah 1941-53 a. Reza Shah abdicated 41 b. Forced out by Soviets and British c. Muhammad Reza Shah (1941-1979) i. Removed from Iranian society ...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Baghdad Pact, Party System, Global Recession

Describe the post-WWII political trajectories of Iran and Turkey. What are some of the similarities and differences? Post WWII Realities 1. Bipolar world 2. Iran and Turkey both border USSR 3. NATO (Turkey j...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: French Mandate For Syria And The Lebanon, Buffer Zone, Indirect Rule

1. The Hashemite Kingdoms (The Hijaz, Iraq and Jordan) a. Faysal was given Iraq to rule (August 1921) b. Abdullah I, also Sharif Husayn’s son, takes control of Jordan 2. Creating Jordan a. ...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Chaim Weizmann, Revisionist Zionism, Leon Pinsker

Zionism, the Palestine Mandate, and the Creation of Israel 1. A history of persecution a. Crusades a.i. Wide scale massacres of Jews in Western Europe b. Black plague hysteria- jews we...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Turkish Straits, Allied Commission, Mudanya

Authoritarian Reform in Turkey and Iran 1. The Ataturk Era in Turkey a. After the war, the allies were determined to punish the Ottomans as a defeated power, to grant the demands for self-determina...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Persian Cossack Brigade, Tribalism, Ulama

Iran: Pahlavi Reforms and Shi’i Reaction Compare and contrast Turkey and Iran 1. The Qajars and WWI a. Qajar government further weakened by WWI b. British controlled Sout...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: President Of Turkey, Mehmed Vi, State Capitalism

1. Treaty of Sevres a. Southern Anatolia controlled by Italy and France b. Plans for Armenian and Kurdish States c. Area around Istanbul designated as under “international control” d. ...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy
NES 2674 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Austria-Hungary, Enver Pasha, Mehmed V

How did WWI shape the Modern Middle East? 1. European Alliances (1914) a. Triple Entente a.i. France, Britain, Russia (Serbia, Greece, Romania) b. Central Powers b.i. Ger...

Near Eastern Studies
NES 2674
Ziad Fahmy

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