PSY 001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Low Birth Weight, Dishabituation

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Published on 13 Aug 2020
Course
Professor
Psych 1
David Nguyen
General Psych
Spring 2018
College of the Sequoias
Development
Research Designs
Longitudinal and cross-sectional studies
Cross- sectional studies: compares different groups of individuals of
different ages at the same time
Longitudinal: follows a single group of individuals as they grow
Takes years to complete
Cohort effects
A group of people who were born at a particular time or a groupof people
who enter an organization at a particular time
The Fetus and Newborn
Zygote ---> Embryo > Fetus
Zygote: fertilized egg cell
Fetus: 8 weeks after conception
Birth complications
Low birth weight
Teratogens
Something thing negatively affects the child
Ex: radiation, alcohol, etc.
Fetal alcohol syndrome: a condition marked by malformations of the heart,
ears, face and nervous system damage
When the mother drinks too much alcohol
Newborn and infant sensory development
Vision
More attracted to human faces
Audition
Habituation: decreased response to a repeated stimulus
Ex: baby sucks less when sound stops
Dishabituation: increase in a previously habituated response as
a result in a change in stimulation
Learning, Memory and Cognition
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Document Summary

Cross- sectional studies: compares different groups of individuals of different ages at the same time. Longitudinal: follows a single group of individuals as they grow. A group of people who were born at a particular time or a groupof people who enter an organization at a particular time. Fetal alcohol syndrome: a condition marked by malformations of the heart, ears, face and nervous system damage. When the mother drinks too much alcohol. Habituation: decreased response to a repeated stimulus. Ex: baby sucks less when sound stops. Dishabituation: increase in a previously habituated response as. Learning, memory and cognition a result in a change in stimulation. Schema: an organized way of interacting with objects. Assimilation: applying an old schema to a new schema. A child thinking the moon moves because he sees humans move. Accommodation: modifying an old schema to fit a new schema. A child learning only living things move, the moon doesn"t.

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