PSY 001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Twin, Psych, Mental Age

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Published on 13 Aug 2020
School
College of The Sequoias
Department
Psychology (PSY)
Course
PSY 001
Professor
Psych 1
David Nguyen
General Psych
Spring 2018
College of the Sequoias
Howard Gardner (1985)
Multiple intelligences: unrelated forms of intelligence
Music, social attentiveness, dancing, mathematics, and all other skills that
society values
Need to determine whether each intelligence correlates highly with the
others
Argues that people can be successful in one type of intelligence but not
others
o Ex: an athlete can excel in body movements but do mediocrein
music
Robert Sternberg (1985)
Triarchic Theory of Intelligence: enphasis on three aspects of intelligence;
cognitive processes, identifying situations that require intelligence and
using intelligence in practical ways
Three types of intelligence
o Analytical (thinking critically)
o Creative (developing new ideas)
o Practical (doing something)
Aptitude vs. Achievement
Aptitude: ability to learn or fluid intelligence
Achievement: what someone has already learned or crystallized
intelligence
Aptitude leads to achievement
IQ Tests
IQ Test: (Intelligence Quotient tests) procedures that try to predict
someone's performance in school and similar settings
Binet & Simon's (1905) intelligence quotient
First IQ tests
(Mental age/Chronological age) * 100= IQ
Mental age: the average age of a child who perform as well
as a given child
Stanford-Binet Test
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Document Summary

Music, social attentiveness, dancing, mathematics, and all other skills that society values. Need to determine whether each intelligence correlates highly with the others. Argues that people can be successful in one type of intelligence but not others: ex: an athlete can excel in body movements but do mediocrein music. Triarchic theory of intelligence: enphasis on three aspects of intelligence; cognitive processes, identifying situations that require intelligence and using intelligence in practical ways. Three types of intelligence: analytical (thinking critically, creative (developing new ideas, practical (doing something) Aptitude: ability to learn or fluid intelligence. Achievement: what someone has already learned or crystallized intelligence. Iq test: (intelligence quotient tests) procedures that try to predict someone"s performance in school and similar settings. Mental age: the average age of a child who perform as well as a given child. Provide separate scores for different tasks/ identify someone"s strengths and weaknesses. "listen to these numbers and repeat them: 3,7,9,10"