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Lecture 12

PSY 001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Transformational Grammar, Psych, Noam Chomsky


Department
Psychology (PSY)
Course Code
PSY 001
Professor
Nikkel
Lecture
12

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Psych 1
David Nguyen
General Psych
Spring 2018
College of the Sequoias
Two Types of Thinking and Problem Solving
System 1
Thinking cognitive processing for quick, automatic processes
Recognizing familiar faces and routine actions
Saves time and energy so we use it as much as possible
Relies heavily on heuristics
System 2
Thinking cognitive processing for mathematical calculations, evaluating evidence,
and anything else that requires attention
Solves problems by an algorithm
Algorithm: an explicit procedure for calculating an answer or testing every
hypothesis
Heuristic: strategy for simplifying a problem and generating a satisfactory guess
Confirmation Bias
Occurs in all walks of life
Functional fixedness
The tendency to adhere to a single approach or a single way of using an item
Solving Problems and Making Decisions
Kahneman's (2007) System 1 and System 2
Algorithms and heuristics
Maximizing and satisficing
Maximizing: considering every possibility to find the best decision
Satisficing: Searching until you find something that is good enough
Errors in human cognition
Representativeness and availability heuristics
Rep: the tendency to assume that if an item is similar to members of a
particular category, it's probably a member of that category itself
Overconfidence and underconfidence
Confirmation and functional fixedness
Framing
Sunk-cost effect
Expertise
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