PSY 001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Job Design, The Employer, Libido

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Published on 13 Aug 2020
School
College of The Sequoias
Department
Psychology (PSY)
Course
PSY 001
Professor
Psych 1
David Nguyen
General Psych
Spring 2018
College of the Sequoias
Motivated Behaviors
Work Motivation
Motivation: the process that determines the reinforcement value
of an outcome
Varies from person and the situation and the time
They persist until individual reaches their goal
Theories of motivation
Drive reduction theory
Drive: a state of unrest or irritation that energizes one
behavior after another until one of them removes the
irritation
Humans and animals drink to reduce their thirst, eat to
reduce their hunger and have sexual activity to reduce
their sex drive
Homeostasis and allostasis
Homeostasis: the maintenance of an optimum level of
biological conditions within an organism
We seek a state of equilibrium, which is not
zero stimulation
Ex: people try to maintain a constant body temperature,
body weight, etc.
Allostasis: maintaining levels of biological conditions that vary
according to an individual's needs and circumstances
Ex: eating large breakfast because you know you won't
have time to eat lunch; squirrels putting on extra fat for
the winter and losing weight/shedding fur in spring
Incentives
Incentive: Stimuli that pull toward an action
Most motivated behaviors are controlled by a combination of
drives and incentives
Ex: you eat because you are hungry (a drive) and because you
see appealing food (incentive)
Maslow's (1970) hierarchy of needs
An organization from the most insistent needs to the ones that receive
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Document Summary

Motivation: the process that determines the reinforcement value of an outcome. Varies from person and the situation and the time. They persist until individual reaches their goal. Drive: a state of unrest or irritation that energizes one behavior after another until one of them removes the irritation. Humans and animals drink to reduce their thirst, eat to reduce their hunger and have sexual activity to reduce their sex drive. Homeostasis: the maintenance of an optimum level of biological conditions within an organism. We seek a state of equilibrium, which is not zero stimulation. Ex: people try to maintain a constant body temperature, body weight, etc. Allostasis: maintaining levels of biological conditions that vary according to an individual"s needs and circumstances. Ex: eating large breakfast because you know you won"t have time to eat lunch; squirrels putting on extra fat for the winter and losing weight/shedding fur in spring. Incentive: stimuli that pull toward an action.