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Lecture 1

HRT 240 Lecture 1: law chapter1

4 Pages
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Department
Hospitality Management
Course Code
HRT 240
Professor
Edward Perez

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Chapter 1
law
a body of rules to which people must conform their conduct,
a form of social control,
a set of rules used by judges in deciding disputes
4 main sources of law:
the Constitution, statues, common law, and administrative law
Constitutional law
the law embodied in the federal constitution, prescribing the organization and
powers of the federal government, and defining rights of the people
delegated powers
those powers expressly allocated to the federal government in the
Constitution
interstate commerce
business affecting more than one state, as opposed to business done between
two parties in the same state
legislative process
the process by which the federal government, as well as other units of
government (states, counties, and cities) adopt laws
Congress
primary lawmaking body of the federal government
statutory law
2nd source of law in the U.S. promulgated by the legislature and generally
agreed to by the executive (president, governor, or mayor)
legislators
lawmakers elected to office by the citizenry
statute
when a law is adopted by federal or state legislators
common law
the second source of law in the U.S. that consists of legal rules that have
evolved not from the statutes, rather from decisions of judges and from
customs and practices that obtained their authority from the test of time
case decision
an interpretation of the law applied by a judge to set of facts in a given case
precedent
a basis for deciding future cases
stare decisis
the matter stands decided, to give uniformity to the law
administrative law
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Description
Chapter 1 law a body of rules to which people must conform their conduct, a form of social control, a set of rules used by judges in deciding disputes 4 main sources of law: the Constitution, statues, common law, and administrative law Constitutional law the law embodied in the federal constitution, prescribing the organization and powers of the federal government, and defining rights of the people delegated powers those powers expressly allocated to the federal government in the Constitution interstate commerce business affecting more than one state, as opposed to business done between two parties in the same state legislative process the process by which the federal government, as well as other units of government (states, counties, and cities) adopt laws Congress primary lawmaking body of the federal government statutory law 2nd source of law in the U.S. promulgated by the legislature and generally agreed to by the executive (president, governor, or mayor) legislators lawmakers elected to office by the citizenry statute when a law is adopted by federal or state legislators common law the second source of law in the U.S. that consists of legal rules that have evolved not from the statutes, rather from decisions of judges and from customs and practices that obtained their authority from the test of time case decision an interpretation of the law applied by a judge to set of facts in a given case precedent a basis for deciding future cases stare decisis the matter stands decided, to give uniformity to the law administrative law
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