HRT 350 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Civil Service Reform Act Of 1978, Secret Ballot, Railway Labor Act

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Chapter 10 Labor Unions
Labor Unions
Labor unions: represents collective groups of workers in an organization by negotiating
employee relations for the group
Labor Relations: Unions
The labor union negotiates employee relations activities such as:
o Work rules
Job Descriptions
Compensation structures
Performance Management Systems
Collective Bargaining Agreements: union employment contracts that include wage
agreements, benefits, etc.
During Economic or Company Crisis: ‘givebacks’ are often negotiated
Labor Stats and Trends
Shift from manufacturing economy to service based economy
1970 23% of the total work force was in manufacturing sector
1990 15% of line level employees in manufacturing
o 46% line level service sector employees
o 38% ‘other manufacturing’ or agricultural jobs
Changes in Union Stats
Shift from manufacturing economy to service based economy
Improvements in workplace
o Federal laws regulating workplace safety, wages, equal employment opportunity
and employee benefits
Legislation protecting employee’s rights
U.S. Labor Changes
Unions are declining in numbers:
o More open society, improved working conditions, more difficult to hide from
customers and the public
o Competitive environment
Companies want to attract good employees
H.E.R.E. Union
Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees Union represent 350,000 active members
Difficulties in organizing hospitality workers:
o Approx. 40% of employees in HR’s are PT employees
o Workers move frequently from job to job
o Women and minorities have traditionally resisted unionization
Some Union Groups on the Rise
EXCEPTION: Federal employees and education employees ‘White Collar’ workers:
o ASFCME - American Federation of State, Country, and Municipal Employees
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o NEA National Education Association
Why Employees Join Union Labor Unions
Economic security
Comfortable working conditions
Respect
Control over own work
Poor grievance and communication systems
Job security
Inconsistent policy enforcement
Unfair treatment
Dissatisfaction with management
Legislation and Labor Unions
Most U.S. legislation regarding unions resulted from Depression (post 1929)
Railway Labor Act (1926)
o Established right of railway workers to unionize
o Created arbitration and mediation system to quickly settle disputes
Norris-LaGuardia Act (1932)
o Limited use of court injunctions to break strikes
o Employers must prove a strike will cause irreparable damage, violence, or harm to
innocent parties
National Labor Relations Act Wagner Act Federal Law that protects workers rights
to organize with unions
The Wagner Act of 1935 (National Labor Relations Act)
o Legally protected right of workers to unionize
o Meant to prevent mistreatment of workers
o Allowed ‘collective bargaining’ on behalf of workers
o Requires employees to bargain in good faith to settle labor disputes
o Defined 5 unfair labor practices:
Interfering with or coercing employees to discourage them from forming
or joining unions
Attempting to dominate or influence the operation of unions
Discriminating regarding the hire or tenure of employees based on union
membership
Retaliating against employees who file unfair labor practice charges with
the NLRB
Failing to bargain in good faith
National Labor Relations Board (NRLB)
o Administrative agency for the NLRA to enforce and administer the provisions of
the NLRA
Taft-Hartley Act of 1947
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