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Class Notes for Biology at California State University - Long Beach

Exam Study Guides for Biology Courses

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BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 27: Chitin, Nematomorpha, Morphine
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Lecture 27 Notes: Animals Part 3 Animals: Bilaterians • All triploblasts • Origin: molecular data suggests the bilaterian common ancestor lived ~670 mya, but we don’t have good fossils until much later ...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Hydrostatic Skeleton, Flatworm, Mesoglea
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Lecture 26 Notes: Animals Part 2 Animals: Categorizing Animal Diversity • Protostome development: o Spiral and determinate cleavage o Solid masses of mesoderm split and form coelom o...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Blastomere, Diploblasty, Cell Adhesion Molecule
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Lecture 25 Notes Fungal Diversity • ~100,000 species are known, but there are MANY undescribed species • Five major taxa (but there are other lineages are not well known) • Chytrids and zygomycetes are par...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Ergot, Cyanobacteria, Zygomycota
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Lecture 23 Notes: Fungi Transfer of Pollen Among Plants • Transfer is an essential part of pollination; movement of male microgametophytes (pollen) to the female gametophyte encased in the carpel • “v...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Nutmeg, Amborella, Pineapple
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Lecture 22 Notes: Plants Part 3 Seed Plant Review • Gymnosperms and angiosperms most likely diverged around ~305 mya • First angiosperms appear in the fossil record ~140 mya • Seed plants have VERY redu...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Avocado, Dioecy, Pineapple
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Lecture 21 Notes: Land Plants Part 2 Overview of Land Plant Diversity • Nonvascular land plants (all are seedless) o Mosses, liverworts, hornworts • Vascular land plants o Seedless:...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Sorus, Cyanobacteria, Lycopodiopsida
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Lecture 20 Notes: Land Plants Part 1 Major Transitions in the History of Life • Origin of life and prokaryotic cells: ~3.5 bya • Photosynthesis: ~ 2.7 bya • Eukaryotic cells: ~1.8 bya • Multicell...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Cell Membrane, Unikont, Plasmodium
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Lecture 19 Notes: Protists Part 2 Who Are the Protists?  All eukaryotes except for plants, animals and fungi  Most lineages of eukaryotes are protists  The “deepest” (oldest) nodes of eukaryote phylo...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Bacterial Outer Membrane, Lynn Margulis, Intracellular Parasite
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Lecture 18 Notes: Protists Viruses • Viruses are not cellular: no plasma membrane, no ribosomes. But cannot replicate without living cells o Hijack nucleic acid replication and protein manufacturin...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Spirochaete, Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Carotenoid
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Lecture 17 Notes: Prokaryotes Phylogenetic Context • All organisms share a common ancestor that arose ~3.5 bya • Phylogenies based on molecular data organize that diversity into three domains (Bacteria, ...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Sulfur Dioxide, Continental Drift, Allopatric Speciation
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Lecture 16 Notes: The History of Life The Fossil Record • Geologists have used stratigraphy to put together a relative timeline for the major events in the history of life o Radiometric dating has ...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture 16: CHEM 111A THERMODYNAMICS
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Chapter 6 Lecture Notes: Thermodynamics Definitions Energy capacity to do work Work result of a force acting through a distance (pushing a box on the floor) Energy can be transferred through work, but can also be transferr...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture 14: The Fossil Record and Test Review
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Lecture 14 Notes: The Fossil Record and Test Review ONLY 25.2 FROM CHAPTER 25 WILL BE ON THE TEST Micro and Macroevolution Microevolution evolution within populations or species, as well as speciation processes (evolution ...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Sympatric Speciation, Synapomorphy, Phylogenetics
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Lecture 13 Notes What is a Phylogeny? • Phylogenies (phylogenetic trees) – branching diagrams that represent evolutionary relationships among species, populations, or genes o Maps of the evolutiona...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
BIOL 211 Lecture 12: Speciation Part 2
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Lecture 12 Notes: Speciation Part 2 We know… • How populations evolve (mutation, gene flow, genetic drift, natural selection, and sexual selection, a specific kind of nonrandom mating) • Two “definitions” of the term s...

Biology
BIOL 211
Bruno Pernet
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Multicellular Biology - Reference Guides

This Guide is the progressive companion to the Cellular Biology title. The complexities of human physiology are made much clearer through the bright graphics and intelligently coordinated text boxes and glossaries that are...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Heart Valve, Inferior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Valve

permacharts TM Cardiovascular Physiology 2nd EDITION HEART STRUCTURE & FUNCTION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Meiosis, Nuclear Membrane, Nuclear Pore

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM CCellular Biology BIOLOGY BASICS C...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Submandibular Duct, Parotid Duct, Palatine Tonsil

pe rm a ch a rtsMT DDigestive System 2nd EDITION Fi...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Antigen-Presenting Cell, Memory T Cell, Clonal Deletion

permacharts TM IImmunology 2nd EDITION G ENERAL INFORMATION - AN OVERVIEW ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superior Frontal Sulcus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Superior Frontal Gyrus

p erm ac hartsMT Brain 2nd EDITION FIGURE 1: GROSS ANATOMY (LATERAL VIEW) ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 173
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superficial Palmar Arch, Costocervical Trunk, Thyrocervical Trunk

p erm a ch ar tsMT CCirculatory System 2nd EDITION Figure...

Biology
BI 361
All Professors

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