AAS 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Manila Galleon, Alejandro Portes, United Farm Workers

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7 Feb 2017
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Overview of API History
Why are APIs overlooked in American history (up to and through the 1960s?)
1. Relatively small populations
2. Dichotomous “black and white” racial deals
3. No definitive leader figure to speak for “all”API communities
FOUR categories of immigrants (Alejandro Portes, “Immigrant America”
1. Laborers
2. merchants/entrepreneurs
3. Professionals
4. refugees/asylees
[Categories 1-3: economic]
Immigrants defined by CHOICE; ergo, indigenous and enslaved peoples are NOT
immigrants.
Asian American History 1800s-NOW: Key Parallel and Social Historical Experiences
1. Foreign oppression and/or turmoil in Asian “motherland” (country of birth)
2. Immigration to america
3. Oppression and exclusion
4. Resistance and settlement
5. Attitudes towards asians → asian americans (relevant in WW2, 9/11, and current
politics)
6. interethnic community cooperation (JMLA, UFW)
Theoretical earliest presence of APIs in America:
- “Bering migration” during the ice age: crossing from Northeast Eurasia to settle
the americas
- 5th century = chinese merchants sail to trade with indigenous californians.
Historically recorded presence of APIs in the americas:
- Manila Acapulco Galleon Trade (under the Spanish empire) 1565-1815
Native filipinos, Bengali (Indian) slaves, chinese traders are brought to the americas
while “Guachinangos” and other Mexican and central americans natives are brought to
asia.
- “San Malo, Louisiana” community, established in the 1760s first “Asian”
settlement in North America.
Common traits of pre-WW2 API immigrants
- Mostly laborers, often “replacing” the previous asian labor force
- Mostly male
- Motivated by property
- American professions = labor or small business
- Common obstacles:
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