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Lecture 2

SOC 128 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Neuroplasticity, Gender Role, Genderqueer


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 128
Professor
Jaime S Becker
Lecture
2

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SOC 128: UNIT 2 DARWIN VS DIVERSITY IN SEX AND SEXUALITY
Learnig objectives
o Darwins theory of sexual selection
o Early critique of Darwin
o Rough garden critiques of Darwin
o Darwin and sex differences research
Sex difference research
o Basis for theories across diciplines
o Evoluntary psycology, evolution biology, neuroscience genetics
o Sex differences outweigh similarities
o Gender differences intersex, trans, genderqueer, genderfluid folk
o Science and pop culture
Create binary
Emphasize differences
Promote inequality
Flaws in sex differences
o Questions about binary differences
o Assume binary sex and gender
o Assume gender differences
o Ignore social factors and social science research
o Focus on males and men
o Assume female passivity and male activity
o Simplify complex processes
o Circular reasoning
Biologism and linguistics
o Popular in times of major social change
o Resurgence during the last two decades
o Deborah Cameron “new biologism”
o Sex difference story
o Gender stereotypes with biological causes
o Evolutionary psychology
Rebecca Jordan Young
o Brain organization theory
o Different brains for reproduction
o Explain gender and sexuality differences
o Research not credible
o Brains cant be sorted by sex
Sex differences in neuroscience
o Fetal testosterone levels explain gender inequality in the sciences
o Ignore neuronal plasticity of the brain
o
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