CLAS 1140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Eumolpus, Greek Drachma, Manumission

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6 Feb 2017
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February 6, 2017
Not too much social change over the course of 1,000 years in the Roman world, unlike our
world nowadays.
Social Stratification- Reading from Tingay and Badcock 121-130
Imperial domus- imperial house, emperor and family
Senators- roughly 400-600 senators and their families. (close to .001% of the Roman
population)
Equestrians- could be kind of wealthy, small business owners, (close to 5% of the population)
Commons- free citizens, not wealthy, peasants/working class people
Freedpeople- former slaves
Slaves- most society is made up of slaves and freed people.
Clothing:
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Citizen Woman Magistrate emperor general tradesman slave
Romans could tell what people did by their clothing
Article on Roman shoes http://www.livescience.com/26047-roman-kids-shoes-statues.html
Slaves (servi)
* "Slave society"=at least 20% slaves: Italy 30% slave c.100 AD
* Sources of slaves: POWs, kidnapped travelers, criminals, exposed children
* Buying (slave market or private party) and renting (farmers, for crop season)
* Legal status: property, not "people"; legally bound to owners; no citizenship/property;
loss of identity (take owner's family name); tortured under oath; collared
* "Sex slaves"
* Slaves behaving badly
1. Needy and greedy; runaways
2. Revolts: ever-present fear; 61 AD Pedanius Secundus killed by a slave; all 400
executed
3. Punishment: flogging; torture
* Domestic slaves: # = status symbol (Melania the Younger=8K)
1. Caregivers of young, gardeners, barbers, emptied/cleaned matula (meaning
piss pot, servant would come around with the matula during a feast and you would do your
business at the table), cooks, hairdressers, butlers
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A Roman Slave Market by Jean Léon Gérome (c.1884)
Depicts slave market, and prospective buyers inspecting for physical defects.
Private party- AD 129. Sales contract for female slave. (Shelton # 200)
Agathos Daemon, the son of Dionysius and Hermione,
who resides in the city of Oxyrhynchus, by this document
acknowledges to Gaius Julius Germanus, son of Gaius Julius
Domitianus, that he accepts as valid the handwritten sales
contract which they made concerning the female slave
Dioscorous, about twenty-five years old and without
scars. Julius Germanus took possession of her from Agathos
Daemon just as she was. She is nonreturnable, except for
epilepsy or external claim. The price was 1200 drachmas of
silver which Agathos Daemon received in full from Julius
Germanus when the handwritten sales contract was made out.
For this amount Julius Germanus paid the sales tax on the
aforementioned slave. A warranty on this slave has been given
by Agathos Daemon according to all claims made in the sales
Contract.
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